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By William Dwight Whitney

551 pp.

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Additional info for A Sanskrit Grammar: Including Both the Classical Language, and the Older Dialects, of Veda and Brahmana

Example text

There are various reasons for this assumption. The main one is probably the idea that for a communication system to be a true language, the relationship between meaning and form must be Introduction 31 arbitrary (going back to De Saussure 1916). In sign languages, the number of iconic forms is rather large in comparison to most known spoken languages. Moreover, there have been many misconceptions about sign languages, such as there being one universal sign language, or that sign languages were invented and/or based on spoken languages.

Chapter 2 40 Anchored contact root: (2)a. Displaced contact root: b. ‘be located-vehicle-on flat surface’ ASL ‘be located-vehicle’ III) Active roots express an activity of an entity. The anchored form shows a change in handshape or in the orientation of the hand, thus indicating a change in the form or the orientation of the entity. The displaced form shows a change in location and indicates the motion of an entity through space. There are three types of such roots: linear, arc and circular. Anchored active root: (3)a.

2 Root affixes The roots can be combined with numerous affixes. The system is complex, and I do not intend to give a full overview. Instead, I present the main points of Supalla’s account. One type of affix are movement affixes, that have the same movement features as the roots. They can indicate the manner of the motion, its size, the directionality and (if any) repetitions of the movement. A second type of affix is comprised of classifiers that are obligatorily affixed to the verb root. 2 A central object is a single object that is involved in the event expressed by the verb, and a secondary object is the object with which the central object interacts (in semantic terms, the central object is the Figure, the secondary object the Ground).

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