Download About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality (Oxford by Alessandra Giorgi PDF

By Alessandra Giorgi

This booklet considers the semantic and syntactic nature of indexicals - linguistic expressions, as in I, you, this, that, the day past, tomorrow, whose reference shifts from utterance to utterance.There is a long-standing controversy as to if the semantic reference aspect is already current as syntactic fabric or if it is brought post-syntactically through semantic principles of interpretation. Alessandra Giorgi resolves this controversy via an empirically grounded exploration of temporal indexicality, arguing that the speaker's temporal position is laid out in the syntactic constitution. She helps her research with theoretical and empirical arguments in accordance with info from English, Italian, chinese language, and Romanian. Professor Giorgi addresses a few tricky and longstanding matters within the research of temporal phenomena - together with the Italian imperfect indicative, the houses of the so-called future-in-the-past, and the houses of unfastened oblique Discourse - and indicates that her framework can account elegantly for them all. rigorously argued, succinct, and obviously written her e-book will charm largely to semanticists in linguistics and philosophy from graduate point upwards and to linguists drawn to the syntax-semantics interface.

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For a general introduction to obviation phenomena, see Farkas (1992b) and Kempchinsky (1985, 2009). For a general overview of the state-of-the-art, see also Quer (2009). 22 On these issues see, among others, Zanuttini and Portner (2003), Portner (1997). 23 In examples (37) and (38), the subjunctive appears in a complement clause. It can also appear in clauses in subject position— preverbally or postverbally—as in the following cases: (41) Che Gianni sia malato, è una disdetta That Gianni is(subj pres) sick is a misfortune (42) Che Gianni fosse il vincitore sorprese tutti That Gianni was(subj past) the winner surprised everybody (43) È una disdetta che Gianni sia malato It is a misfortune that Gianni is(subj pres) sick (44) Sorprese tutti che Gianni fosse il vincitore It surprised everybody that Gianni was(subj past) the winner The rules governing the appearance of the subjunctive forms are the same as above, independently therefore from the syntactic role played by the clause.

One of the main differences between English and Italian lies in the fact that in Italian in the contexts created by verbs of saying the embedded verbal form is an indicative and CD is impossible. 40 As far as English is concerned, I endorse the traditional view according to which the empty C position is a null Complementizer and will not consider the issue any further. In German the absence of the Complementizer occurs, mostly, in sentences showing embedded V2. Embedded V2 is available both with 39 Notice that though permitted, CD is never obligatory, in that the non-CD option is always available.

38 44 The Speaker’s Projection In sentence (66) the embedded verbal form is an indicative, whereas in sentence (67) it is a subjunctive. 39 English as well permits the Complementizer to be omitted in some contexts. Consider for instance the following examples in English: (68) John said (that) Mary left (69) John believes (that) Mary was happy (70) John hopes (that) Mary will win In all these cases CD is allowed. One of the main differences between English and Italian lies in the fact that in Italian in the contexts created by verbs of saying the embedded verbal form is an indicative and CD is impossible.

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