Download Advances in Crystal Growth Inhibition Technologies by H. E. Lundager Madsen, Jo Bech Pedersen (auth.), Zahid Amjad PDF

By H. E. Lundager Madsen, Jo Bech Pedersen (auth.), Zahid Amjad (eds.)

In this booklet, educational researchers and technologists will locate vital info at the interplay of polymeric and non-polymeric inhibitors with quite a few scale forming crystals comparable to calcium phosphates, calcium carbonate, calcium oxalates, barium sulfate, calcium pyrophosphates, and calcium phosphonates. in addition, the ebook promises details to plant managers and formulators who wish to increase and deepen their wisdom approximately strategies all in favour of precipitation of sparingly soluble salts and examine extra concerning the inhibitory elements of assorted commercially to be had fabrics. in addition, skilled researchers will receive fruitful and encouraging principles from the simply available information regarding overlapping study parts, in an effort to advertise discoveries of latest inhibitors (synthetic and/or common) for the at present unmet challenges.

Show description

Read or Download Advances in Crystal Growth Inhibition Technologies PDF

Best nonfiction_10 books

The Red Cell Membrane: A Model for Solute Transport

"After being often steered to jot down upon this topic, and as frequently declining to do it, from apprehension of my very own lack of ability, i'm at size pressured to take in the pen, notwithstanding unqualified i'll nonetheless believe myself for the duty. " William Withering, M. D. ' i've got but to discover an outline or a quote that greater summanzes my preliminary ambivalence in the direction of embarking on such an undertaking as partici­ pating in placing jointly this monograph.

Quantitative methods in budgeting

C. B. TILANUS, EDITOR This e-book attempts to reinforce the binds among, at the one hand, the company management and accounting international and, at the different, the operational learn and administration technology international. The readership for which it's meant is composed ofthe following different types: managers and pros in organizational departments of industrial management, administration technology, automated info processing, and so on.

Organization of the Early Vertebrate Embryo

This e-book is the fabricated from a NATO complex learn Institute of an analogous identify, held on the Anargyrios and Korgialenios university at the island of Spetsai, Greece, in September 1994. The institute thought of the molecular mechanisms which generate the physique plan in the course of vertebrate embryogenesis. the most themes mentioned incorporated: dedication and imprinting in the course of germ mobilephone differentiation; hierarchies of inductive cellphone interactions; the molecular functioning of Spemann's organizer and formation of embryonic axes; the extracellular matrix and the cytoskeleton relating to morphogenesis and phone migration; neurogenesis and patterning of the neuraxis; the rules of development formation by way of Hox genes and different transcription components.

Extra info for Advances in Crystal Growth Inhibition Technologies

Example text

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¶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

OXZHU$FDGHPLF3OHQXP3XEOLVKHUV1HZ<RUN  )LJXUH  3URMHFWLRQV DORQJ WKH   IDFH RI WKH VWUXFWXUHV RI 2&3 DQG +$ WRJHWKHU ZLWK D WULGLPHQVLRQDO VFKHPH VKRZLQJ WKH DOWHUQDWLQJ ³DSDWLWLF´ DQG ³K\GUDWHG´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ƒ& VWDUWLQJ S+  'XH WR WKH VLPLODULW\EHWZHHQWKH VWUXFWXUH RI2&3 DQG+$ WKHSRVLWLRQV RIPRVWRIWKHSRZGHU; UD\ GLIIUDFWLRQ UHIOHFWLRQV SUHVHQW LQ WKH SDWWHUQ UHSRUWHG LQ ILJ  DUH FRLQFLGHQW ZLWK WKRVH FKDUDFWHULVWLF RI +$ +RZHYHU WKH VWURQJ SHDN DW DERXW ž GXH WR WKH  UHIOHFWLRQ RI2&3 DV ZHOO DVWKH UHODWLYH LQWHQVLW\GLVWULEXWLRQRIWKHUHIOHFWLRQV DOORZV WR LGHQWLI\ WKH V\QWKHWLF SURGXFW DV RFWDFDOFLXP SKRVSKDWH ZLWK FHOO SDUDPHWHUV , D     c E     c F   c α    ž β    ž γ   ž YHU\ FORVH WR WKRVH UHSRUWHG IRU 2&3 VLQJOH FU\VWDO $W WKH VFDQQLQJ HOHFWURQ PLFURVFRSH 2&3 DSSHDUV DV VSKHUXOHV PDGH XS RIORQJ EODGHV RULJLQDWLQJ IURP D FRPPRQ FHQWHU ILJ DE  1H[W WR WKHVH DJJUHJDWHV ZKLFK DUH FKDUDFWHULVWLF RI 2&3, DQG H[KLELW D PHDQ GLDPHWHU RI DERXW  —P FRXSOHV RI VSKHUHV ZLWK GLDPHWHU RI  —P DUH SUHVHQW 7KH VSKHUHV VHHP WR KDYH DQ LQQHU KROORZFRUH DQG WKLFNZDOOV FRQVWLWXWHG RIVKRUW EODGHV DUUDQJHG DOPRVW RUWKRJRQDOO\WR WKHVXUIDFHRIWKHVSKHUH ILJ FG  2&3K\GURO\VLVLQZDWHUIRU KRXUVDWƒ& VWDUWLQJS+ OHDGVWR DFRPSOHWH WUDQVIRUPDWLRQ LQWR +$ ZKLFK H[KLELWV ODWWLFH FRQVWDQWV D   c DQG F   c )LJXUH 3RZGHU;UD\GLIIUDFWLRQSDWWHUQRI2&3  )LJXUH  6(0 LPDJHV RI2&3 6SKHUXOHV FRQVWLWXWHG RIORQJ EODGHV RULJLQDWLQJ IURP D FRPPRQ FHQWHU DE  DVZHOODV FRXSOHV RIVSKHUHV ZKRVH VXUIDFHV DUH PDGH XS RIVKRUWHU EODGHV FG  DUH SUHVHQW %DUV  D  —P E  —P F  —P G  —P 5HSURGXFHG IURP UHI  ZLWK SHUPLVVLRQ IURP (OVHYLHU 6FLHQFH 7KH WUDQVPLVVLRQ HOHFWURQ PLFURVFRS\ LQYHVWLJDWLRQ FDUULHG RXW RQ 2&3 EHIRUH VWRUDJH LQ ZDWHU UHYHDOV D SODWHOLNH PRUSKRORJ\ RIWKH FU\VWDOV ZKLFK H[KLELW VWUDLJKW HGJHV DQG PHDQ GLPHQVLRQV RI  [  —P ILJ D  +$ FU\VWDOV REWDLQHG E\ 2&3 K\GURO\VLVDSSHDU DV ORQJSODWHOHWV ZLWKVWUDLJKW HGJHV DQG TXLWH JUHDWPHDQGLPHQVLRQV DERXW[QP DVLWFDQEHDSSUHFLDWHGLQILJE )LJXUH7(0LPDJHRI D 2&3EDU  —P E +$REWDLQHGE\2&3K\GURO\VLV LQZDWHU EDU —P ())(&7 2)62',8032/<$&51D3D@ X0  DD[LV c                   ED[LV c  FD[LV c  D ƒ  % ƒ  < ƒ                                                    +RZHYHU WKH FRKHUHQFH OHQJWKV RI WKH SHUIHFW FU\VWDOOLQH GRPDLQV UHGXFH RQ LQFUHDVLQJ WKH SRO\PHU FRQFHQWUDWLRQ LQ VROXWLRQ DV UHVXOWV IURP WKH OLQH EURDGHQLQJ RI WKH     DQG   UHIOHFWLRQV 7KH 'KNO YDOXHV UHSRUWHG LQ 7DEOH  ZKLFK ZHUH FDOFXODWHG IURP WKH ZLGWK DW KDOIPD[LPXP LQWHQVLW\ %ò  XVLQJ WKH 6FKHUUHU HTXDWLRQ LQGLFDWH WKDW WKH UHGXFWLRQ LV DOPRVW LVRWURSLF DORQJ WKH WKUHH GLIIHUHQW GLUHFWLRQ DQG VXJJHVW WKDW WKH LQWHUDFWLRQ ZLWK 2&3 GRHV QRW WDNH SODFH DORQJ VSHFLILF GLUHFWLRQV ,Q 7DEOH  &RKHUHQFH OHQJWKV 'KNO  HYDOXDWHG IURP WKH ZLGWK DW KDOI PD[LPXP LQWHQVLW\ RI WKH     DQG   UHIOHFWLRQV RI 2&3 DV D IXQFWLRQ RI 1D3$ FRQFHQWUDWLRQ LQ VROXWLRQD >1D3$@ —0  ' QP  ' QP  ' QP   “ “  “ “  R “  “ “  “ “ D5HSURGXFHG IURP UHI  ZLWK SHUPLVVLRQ IURP (OVHYLHU 6FLHQFH “ “ “ “ “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—0 6(0 LPDJHV GLVSOD\ YHU\ ODUJH VLQJOH KROORZ VSKHUHV ZKRVH GLDPHWHUV UHDFK WKH GLPHQVLRQ RI  PP DQG ZKRVH ZDOOV DUHFRQVWLWXWHGRIYHU\VKRUWEODGHV ILJFG   )LJXUH7(0 LPDJHRI2&3V\QWKHWL]HGLQ —01D3$VROXWLRQ %DU QP )LJXUH  6(0 LPDJHV RI 2&3 V\QWKHVL]HG LQ SUHVHQFH RI  —0 1D3$ DE  DQG LQ SUHVHQFH RI —0 1D3$ FG  7KH 2&3 EODGHV RQ WKH VXUIDFH RIWKH GRXEOH VSKHUHV DSSHDU VKRUWHQHG ZLWK UHVSHFWWR WKRVH REWDLQHG LQ DEVHQFH RI1D3$ ILJ FG  7KH UHGXFWLRQ LQ OHQJWK LV HYHQ PRUH HYLGHQW IRUWKH EODGHV RQ WKH VXUIDFHRI WKH ELJKROORZ VSKHULFDO DJJUHJDWHV REWDLQHG LQ SUHVHQFH RI —01D3$ %DUV  D —P E —P F —P G —P5HSURGXFHGIURPUHIZLWKSHUPLVVLRQIURP(OVHYLHU6FLHQFH  ())(&72)62',8032/<$&51D3$@ P0  KRXUV  2&3+$ +$  2&3±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

DQG &2 FRQWDLQLQJ DSDWLWHVSUHSDUHGE\WKH K\GURO\VLV RIRFWDFDOFLXPSKRVSKDWH ,QRUJ &KHP    5= /H*HURV 9DULDWLRQVLQWKHFU\VWDOOLQHFRPSRQHQWVRIKXPDQGHQWDOFDOFXOXV , &U\VWDOORJUDSKLFDQGVSHFWURVFRSLFPHWKRGVRIDQDO\VLV- 'HQW 5HV    ': +ROFRPE DQG 5$

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.82 of 5 – based on 8 votes