By Frank L. Holt
To all those that witnessed his striking conquests, from Albania to India, Alexander the good seemed invincible. How Alexander himself promoted this appearance--how he abetted the assumption that he loved divine want and commanded even the forces of nature opposed to his enemies--is the topic of Frank L. Holt's soaking up ebook.
Solid proof for the ''supernaturalized'' Alexander lies in an extraordinary sequence of medallions that depict the victorious younger king at battle opposed to the elephants, archers, and chariots of Rajah Porus of India on the conflict of the Hydaspes River. Recovered from Afghanistan and Iraq in sensational and infrequently perilous situations, those historical artifacts have lengthy lively the trendy historic debate approximately Alexander. Holt's e-book, the 1st dedicated to the secret of those old medallions, takes us into the historical past in their discovery and interpretation, into the knowable proof in their manufacture and that means, and, finally, into the king's personal psyche and his scary theology of battle. the result's a helpful research of Alexander background and fable, a vibrant account of numismatics, and a spellbinding look at the age-old mechanics of megalomania.
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Extra resources for Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions
Some very prominent individuals (Philotas, Parmenion, Cleitus, Callisthenes) lost Alexander’s favor and their lives. 34 In the midst of so much misery, more than 3,000 miles from home, Alexander’s army fought one of its ﬁercest battles against a resourceful rajah whom they called Porus. 35 Alexander outmaneuvered the Indians, crossed the river under the cloak of heavy rain and darkness, and drove straight at Porus’s army during a ﬁerce dawn attack. It was a ﬁght the Macedonians would never forget, with elephants trumpeting and trampling in a wild melee.
This man, Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks, a wealthy official of the British Museum and an archaeological scholar of at least the second rank in that illustrious gathering of intellectuals, would soon have his part to play in a mysterious discovery worthy of an eventful year in archaeology. For at that moment, far away in Central Asia, the rushing waters of the Oxus River (the modern Amu Darya) were hauling away with Schliemannic zeal the millennial accretions of Darwin’s worms from atop a most astonishing treasure.
The chapters to follow undertake such an investigation of one of the most mysterious artifacts ever associated with Alexander the Great and seek to shed light on where, how, when, and why it was made, and what this might tell us about Alexander himself. To reach those conclusions, however, it is necessary to follow the trail of evidence every step of the way. How did it come to be in its unusual place of discovery? By what means did it come into the possession of historians, and what assumptions shaped their evolving theories about it?