Download Alexander the great failure : the collapse of the Macedonian by John D Grainger PDF

By John D Grainger

Alexander's demise used to be no longer unpredictable: he suffered repeated wounds in the course of his lifetime, and a couple of introduced him close to demise; he drank an excessive amount of; he constructed a fever, within which he endured to drink an excessive amount of; he believed he used to be a god; he omitted his doctor's suggestions; he was once confronted with large difficulties which he deliberate to keep away from by means of happening crusade ... As a last act of irresponsibility, while requested to whom Read more...

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44 After some time Pelopidas of Thebes led a force north, having been asked to do so by some Macedonians who were adherents of Alexander. But they were disappointed in the outcome: Ptolemy was confirmed in his position, a humiliation, but it certainly stopped his competitors from rebelling; Pelopidas left with another set of hostages, including Ptolemy’s own son Philoxenos. 45 Ptolemy’s authority was reduced to the original Macedonian kingdom, from the north slopes of Olympos to Almopia, and east to the Axios valley.

Philip survived, and he had ideas. This page intentionally left blank World view I: 360 bc The previous chapter concentrated single-mindedly on Macedon, an unimportant minor state until the accession of Philip II in 359. Few people paid much attention to it at any time, and other powers rarely had any difficulty in walking all over it when they chose. Philip II changed all that, and from soon after his accession Macedon became an important power, and then a great power. This will be the story pursued in the following chapters.

At Athens, the prospect of regaining Amphipolis, combined with the failure of the intervention in Macedon, persuaded the Assembly towards peace. Argaios vanished, no doubt executed, if he had survived the fight. 6 The landward invaders of the kingdom were tackled with a similar mixture of force and diplomacy. 8 Neither of these measures could be decisive in the long term: gifts would only whet the Paeonian appetite, and Bardylis’ victory could only encourage him to mount another invasion. The precise sequence of all these invasions, diplomacies and manoeuvres is uncertain, but they certainly all took place during 359, very early in Philip’s reign; indeed, most of the manoeuvres and diplomacy probably took only a fairly short time, probably more or less simultaneously.

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