Download Arabic: An Essential Grammar by Faruk Abu-Chacra PDF

By Faruk Abu-Chacra

Arabic: a necessary Grammar is an up to date and sensible reference advisor to an important features of the language. appropriate for newcomers, in addition to intermediate scholars, this e-book deals a robust beginning for studying the basic grammar and constitution of Arabic.

The complexities of the language are set out in brief, readable sections, and workouts and examples are supplied all through. The ebook is perfect for self sufficient inexperienced persons in addition to for school room study.

Features of this e-book include:

- assurance of the Arabic script and alphabet
- a bankruptcy on Arabic handwriting
- a consultant to pronunciation
- complete examples all through.

Show description

Read or Download Arabic: An Essential Grammar PDF

Best linguistics books

The English Language: A Historical Introduction (Cambridge Approaches to Linguistics)

The place does today's English come from? This new version of the bestseller via Charles Barber tells the tale of the language from its distant ancestry to the current day. in line with call for from readers, a new bankruptcy on overdue smooth English has been further for this variation. utilizing dozens of usual texts, together with the English of King Alfred, Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Addison, the ebook tells you every little thing you must learn about the English language, the place it got here from and the place it's going to.

Free Will in Montaigne, Pascal, Diderot, Rousseau, Voltaire and Sartre (Currents in Comparative Romance Languages and Literatures)

Unfastened Will in Montaigne, Pascal, Diderot, Rousseau, Voltaire and Sartre takes the reader on a trip in the course of the corridors of time to discover the evolution of proposal relating to unfastened will. The arguments and works awarded during this quantity increase severe and undying matters for ethicists, the legal justice procedure and the in charge citizen.

Negotiating Critical Literacies with Young Children (Language, Culture, and Teaching Series) (Volume in the Language, Culture, and Teaching Series)

Vivian Vasquez attracts on her personal lecture room adventure to illustrate how matters raised from daily conversations with pre-kindergarten little ones can be utilized to create an built-in severe literacy curriculum over the process one university yr. The innovations she provides are solidly grounded in correct thought and examine.

Landscape and Englishness (Spatial Practices 1) (Spatial Practices: An Interdisciplinary Series Cultural Hist)

Within the papers gathered during this, the 1st quantity of the Spatial Practices sequence, Englishness is mirrored within the areas it occupies or dwells in. largely prompted via a renewed and transforming into curiosity in questions of cultural id, its emergence in Victorian theories and fictions of nationality, and the recent cultural geography, the papers hide a wealthy number of areas and areas which were appropriated for cultural meanings: the agricultural nation-state and farmland of the house Counties within the early 19th century as Arcadian idyll in Cobbett, because the land to die for in conflict propaganda, and as nostalgia for a unified, natural English tradition in Lawrence, Morton and Priestley’s shuttle writing, but in addition within the Shell vacationer publications to motoring in rural England; English moorland; the sacred geographies of monuments in Hardy and others; the normal seashore deconstructed in Martin Parr’s images, and the ocean as English Victorian imperial territory and its symbolic breezes in Froude’s shuttle writing.

Additional info for Arabic: An Essential Grammar

Sample text

G. g. g. g. g. 6 The maddah sign The maddah sign ‫َﻣّﺪٌَة‬ is a long slanting or curved superscript line representing the alif, which is written above another alif to signify the lengthening of / a/ as / a¯ /. It is used when an alif which has hamzah and fathah (‫ )َأ‬is followed by another alif (‫)َأا‬. The alif, hamzah and fathah ˙ ˙ are all omitted, and only one alif is written with the sign maddah above it as ‫( ا‬for: ‫)َأا‬, which is pronounced as / a¯ /. g. ‫( َأْﻟُﻘْﺮاُن‬for: ‫) َأْﻟُﻘْﺮَأاُن‬ al-qur a¯ nu, the Quran ‫( َراُه‬for: ‫)َرَأاُه‬ ra a¯ -hu, he saw him/it When an alif having hamzah and fathah ‫ َأ‬is followed by another alif ˙ with hamzah and suku¯ n (‫)ْأ‬, only one alif is written with maddah above it ‫ا‬ (for: ‫)َأ ْأ‬, which is also pronounced / a¯ /.

2 The employee 1read 3a long name. 3 2 1 43 Sun and moon letters, hamzatu l-wasli ˙ (waslah) ˙ ْ ‫ﻟ َّﻠ‬ . ‫ﺤَﻢ‬ 2 ُ ‫ﺷَﺘَﺮى َْﻷ‬ ‫ب‬ ْ ‫ِإ‬ 1 (18) isˇtara¯ l- abu l-lahma. ˙ The father 1bought 2the meat. ‫ﻞ‬ َ ‫ﺠَﺒ‬ َ ‫ْﻟـ‬ 2 ‫ﺴﺎِﻓُﺮ‬ َ ‫ﺻِﻌَﺪ ْﻟـُﻤ‬ َ 1 (19) sa ida l-musa¯ firu l-g˘ abala. ˙ The traveller 1climbed 2the mountain. ‫ﻞ‬ َ ‫ْﻷَْﻛ‬ 4 3 2 1 ‫ﺐ‬ َ ‫ﻃَﻠ‬ َ ‫ﻄَﻌَﻢ ُﺛ َّﻢ‬ ْ ‫ﺧﻞَ ﻟﺰَُّﺑﻮُن ْﻟـَﻤ‬ َ ‫َد‬ 5 (20) dahala z-zabu¯nu l-mat ama tumma talaba l- akla. ˘ ¯ ˙ ˙ 1 The customer entered 2the restaurant, 3then 4he ordered 5the food.

G. ‫ ُﻧـﻮٌر‬nu¯run, light ... g. ‫ ِدﻳـٌﻦ‬dı-nun, religion Note: In some books long vowels are transliterated as double vowels. Here we use the macron above the vowel to indicate length. ‫ﻟـ‬ ‫ـﺎ‬... is called la¯ m- alif and written as ‫ َﻻ‬or ‫ﻼ‬ َ ‫ـ‬.... /la¯ / (not as ‫)َﻟـﺎ‬. g. 3 Alif maqsu¯ rah ˙ The long vowel /a¯ / at the end of a word can be written with alif ‫ ـَﺎ‬... or, in some words, with ya¯ , but without dots ‫ َـﻰ‬... g. ˙ ala¯ , on ‫ َرَوى‬rawa¯ , to tell ‫ َرَﻣﻰ‬rama¯ , to throw Note: Certain rules explained in later chapters govern which one of the two alifs is to be used in a word.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.26 of 5 – based on 41 votes