By Teun Hoekstra
This booklet includes 14 articles through Teun Hoekstra (1953-1998) on middle matters in syntactic conception. a few articles specialise in the constitution of DP, others at the constitution of the sentence as an entire, whereas others nonetheless deal explicitly with the parallels among the 2. The papers are allotted over 4 sections: "Argument structure", "T-chains", "The morphosyntax of verbal and nominal projections" and "Small clauses". greater than half the articles during this publication are released the following for the 1st time or seem for the 1st time in English. Hoekstra's paintings is characterised by means of a basic curiosity within the significant questions of syntactic idea, such a lot particularly the relation among argument constitution and X-bar constitution. This centred curiosity ended in a deep knowing of the concept of transitivity, with appreciate to either the prestige of the exterior argument and that of the interior argument, the place "status" refers to either the content material and the licensing. during this selection of papers, Hoekstra stories on his insights in those issues. so far as content material and licensing of the exterior argument is anxious, this assortment includes papers at the relation among passives and their energetic opposite numbers, the parallels among possessives and transitives and the diversities and similarities among previous participles and infinitives. As to the inner argument, we discover papers addressing sentential complementation, verbal affixation and resultatives. and there's a entire part on stressful, and its position in maintaining the sentence jointly. one of many papers during this assortment is Hoekstra's vintage, yet hitherto unpublished "Small clauses in every single place" (more than 70 pages), which summarizes Hoekstra's perspectives on such concerns as resultatives, particle verbs and double item structures.
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Additional info for Arguments and Structure: Studies on the Architecture of the Sentence
DPi F [V HAVE [ DPj …… b. DPi F [ DPj …… In (33a) a verbal functional superstructure accommodates the syntactic transitivity, in (33b) a nominal superstructure does the same. 5. Possessors As mentioned above, Kayne (1993) argued that the oblique subjects, specifically the dative subject found in the Old Persian perfective, are case-licensed in the specifier of a determiner. He models his analysis on possessive constructions in Hungarian, which are very similar to those in Eskimo. The noun shows agreement with the possessor, which may occur with dative case in the specifier of the determiner, as in (34): 6 18 Possession and transitivity (34) a.
Thanks to Prof. Fassi Fehri for his cooperation. Notes 31 Notes 1. As will be evident from the content, I benefited greatly from the support of Marcel den Dikken and Gertjan Postma. I also acknowledge gratefully the discussions I have had with Rose-Marie Déchaine and Johan Rooryck over various topics discussed in this paper. 2. Interestingly, France is the possessor of the east, in (10a) as much as in (10b). Instead of having France as the subject in the (10b), we might also have taken the entire the east of France as the subject.
Before discussing this variation in case it will be useful to examine the semantics of modal constructions in somewhat greater detail. 7 Consider the examples in (50) and (51): 8 (50) Jan kan mee spelen. a. ’ b. ’ c. ’ d. ’ (51) Jan moet Engels spreken. a. ’ b. ’ c. ’ d. ’ These ambiguities can be understood in the following way. The a-readings, corresponding to the traditional concept of epistemic modality, involve the 24 Possession and transitivity circumstances as the source of either the possibility (in [50a]) or the necessity (in [51a]) of what is denoted by the complement.