By Claus Grupen, G. Cowan, S. Eidelman, T. Stroh

Describes the department of astronomy within which tactics within the universe are investigated with experimental tools hired in particle-physics experiments. After a historic creation the fundamentals of straightforward debris, Explains particle interactions and the appropriate detection strategies, whereas sleek facets of astroparticle physics are defined in a bankruptcy on cosmology. presents an orientation within the box of astroparticle physics that many novices may search and delight in as the underlying physics basics are offered with little arithmetic, and the implications are illustrated by way of many diagrams. Readers have an opportunity to go into this box of astronomy with a booklet that closes the distance among specialist and renowned point.

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**Example text**

6). ne ne – – e e ne nm nm nm m – e W – e – e n } – d d u u d u Fig. 5 Neutrino–neutron scattering by charged currents – e Z W e W – e – ne Z – ne – – ne Decays of elementary particles can be described in a similar way. Nuclear beta decay of the neutron n → p + e− + ν¯e is mediated by a weak charged current (Fig. 7), where a d quark in the neutron is transformed into a u quark by the emission of a virtual W − . The W − immediately decays into members of the ﬁrst lepton family (W − → e− ν¯e ). In principle, the W − can also decay according to W − → µ− ν¯ µ or W − → ud, ¯ but this is not kinematically allowed.

This ‘interaction length’ X0 is also characteristic for pair production by photons. The interaction length for hadrons (protons, pions, . . 3), where σA is the total cross section. This length is sometimes also called collision length. 3) is replaced by its inelastic part only, the resulting length is called absorption length.

It de- scribes the degrading of the electron energy by bremsstrahlung according to E = E0 e−x/X0 . This ‘interaction length’ X0 is also characteristic for pair production by photons. The interaction length for hadrons (protons, pions, . . 3), where σA is the total cross section. This length is sometimes also called collision length. 3) is replaced by its inelastic part only, the resulting length is called absorption length.