By Susan Ebeler, Gary Takeoka, Peter Winterhalter
In latest worldwide economic climate there's expanding want for analytical instruments to make sure the protection and integrity of our nutrients provide. long ago 5 years, many problems with foodstuff adulteration (e.g., detecting the addition of melamine to meals) and authentication (e.g., confirming area of foundation for wines), have reached the vanguard of public and regulatory consciousness. This publication compiles the newest learn on nutrition and beverage authentication, highlighting the analytical strategies which are being utilized to a number of advanced foodstuff matrices. The chapters are written via overseas specialists, who participated in an American Chemical Society (ACS) Symposium on "Progress in Authentication of meals and Wine" in San Francisco, CA in March 2010.
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Additional info for Authentication of Food and Wine
Ch003 40 Wine has traditionally been labeled and marketed according to geographic origin, grape variety, and vintage year (or age). However, in the United States other foods and beverages have only recently begun to exploit these attributes for marketing, economic, or food safety reasons. Voluntary and/or mandatory labeling for point-of origin is now being explored for many foods (7) and has highlighted the need for improved analytical tools for confirming the authenticity of these claims. Enantioselective analysis has been used to assess technological processes, contamination, adulteration, and aging of foods and beverages (reviewed by 2).
Food Rev. Int. 1995, 11(4), 597-664. 6. ; Koppenhoefer, B. Enantiomers: Why they are important and how to resolve them. In: Techniques for Analyzing Food Aroma. : New York, 1997, pp. 143208. 7. Mussinan, C. J; Hoffman, P. G. Naturalness Decision Tree. Food Tech. 1999, 53(5), 54-58. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2006. 47 8. ; Güntert, M . ; Surburg, H. Chirospecific analysis in flavor and essential oil chemistry. Part B. Direct enantiomer resolution of trans-α-ionone and trans-α-damascone by inclusion gas chromatography.
In the first situation, highly processed soy products require a very large sample in order to obtain sufficient DNA for analysis. In the second situation where soy is an ingredient of a complex food product, the total amount of DNA extracted may not be limiting, but the quality and quantity of the DNA to be amplified is limiting. If the food contains soy as a highly processed ingredient together with other food ingredients, these 2 factors are compounded. This has significant implications for compliance labeling purposes.