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By W. D. Taylour, Richard Janko

Lord William Taylours excavations at Ayios Stephanos in 1959-77 investigated a port that depended on exchange, fishing and metallurgy. It lay simply north of the most Minoan east-west alternate path through Kythera and exported the infrequent stone lapis lacedaemonius to Cretan workshops. As a Linear A inscription indicates, the positioning illuminates the diffusion of Minoan tradition to the mainland. Ayios Stephanos yielded a stratified pottery series from EH I to LH IIIC, with a holiday on the finish of the Early Bronze Age. research of this series has drastically superior our wisdom of the chronology, clarifying Cretan kinfolk with the mainland. there have been 3 levels of EH. After disastrous fires, oblong constructions changed the MH I apsidal dwellings, and the road plan got here to resemble Minoan prototypes. The pottery illuminates the discovery of Mycenaen ceramics. based on the fortunes of Crete, the location declined in LH IIA, traded with Knossos in LH IIIA1, and declined back. It in brief revived in LH IIIC Early, most likely following an inflow of refugees. Then it was once deserted, maybe after a bloodbath. Ayios Stephanos used to be reoccupied in c. 1270 advert, whilst a development with a walled backyard and stables was once erected to protect the method of Skala alongside the River Vasilopotamos. This part fills a spot in our wisdom, because no web site of this era has been excavated south of Corinth. After 1321 a opposed raid plunged the positioning into oblivion. This e-book experiences the structure and stratigraphy, the burials, the Medieval interval, the pottery and small reveals, the human and different natural continues to be, the payment development and the neighborhood and historic context. a variety of figures and plates record the implications. Appendices containing techinical analyses, stratigraphic tables and concordances are on an accompanying CD.

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Extra info for Ayios Stephanos. Excavations at a Bronze Age and Medieval Settlement in Southern Laconia

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1. 10-1. 60 cmwheremeasurable. The thickness of thiswall extendednw as faras theline of thelaterwall ih. The top layerof this of 1 in 7 fromse to nw,so thattherearpartwas some at a downward inclination was raked packing 20 cm lowerthanthefront(plate 3 c-d). Its widthat itsne end Partof wall io was removedin a successful attempt as 70 cm,butitsnwflankwas buriedin thebaulkunderthelaterwallih. Although was ascertained showsthatit musthave been in use onlyEH II sherdswere foundin wall io, the stratigraphy courseof wall io lay directlyon ne the lowest I.

LH sherdsofall phases,fromEarlyMycenaeanto LH IIIC Early,occurred (see sherds3198-3221). However,it has been assumed thatmost of these quite frequently rainsfromhighergroundto theN,and no wallscoulddefinitely sherdswerewasheddownbywinter be associatedwiththem. The infant or childburials1 and 2 werediscoveredin thissector(see fig. [LatersherdsfoundamongtheMH II- III materialfromthesegraves,namely thedatesof LH IIA in thecase ofZetaburial1 and LH IIIA2 in thatofburial2, probablyrepresent theseinterments.

The factthatthelatter can be explainedifthegroundslopeddownfromnwto depositlay 60 cm abovetheformer pottery at it as does se,just present. the that,to these of wall ih butat a lowerlevel,underneath [It accordswiththisinterpretation the and baskets unburnt section, therewas a red-brown burntstratum, (see 98 pottery 96, 97 layer, 5 See §2 (v) below. THE BRONZE AGE ARCHITECTURE AND STRATIGRAPHY §2 27 Fig. 13. Area Zeta. Plan of MH I Late (third)phase, showinglocationof sectorsand findsin destruction debris.

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