By Andreas Marneros, Jules Angst
100 years in the past - in 1899 - Emil Kraepelin, Professor of Psychiatry in Heidelberg and later in Munich - created, in vitally important items of labor, the concept that of "manisch-depressives Irresein" ("manic-depressive insanity"). the 1st used to be entitled Die klinische Stellung der Melancholie(The medical place of Melancholia), and the second one book was once the 6th version of his textbook. within the comparable 12 months Kraepelin's scholar and colleague, Wilhelm Weygandt, released his booklet Uber die Mischzustande des Manisch- Depressiven Irreseins (On the combined States of Manic-Depressive Insanity). A century after Kraepelin's production of "manic-depressive insanity", we have fun. is that this sensible? We think it truly is firmly confirmed that the "folie circulaire" of Jean-Pierre Falret or the "folie a double forme" of Jules Baillarger differs from recurrent melancholy, that is additionally various from Kraepelin's "manic-depressive insanity". but the reply to the query of xvi Preface if it is applicable to have fun is apparent: definite. This not just as the paintings of Emil Kraepelin is prime within the real experience of the be aware. There may be without doubt that Emil Kraepelin is crucial founding father of glossy psychiatry. only one of the various purposes for this opinion is his huge, immense contribution to the definition, description and prognosis of affective problems.
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Additional resources for Bipolar Disorders. 100 Years after Manic-Depressive Insanity
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Thus, 67 years after Kraepelin's creation of "manic-depressive insanity" and some 150 years after Falret's and Baillarger's statements, the concept of bipolar disorders experienced a "rebirth" (Pichot 1995). Due to the work of Angst and Perris, as well as that of George Winokur, Paula Clayton and Theodore Reich (1969), who published similar findings in a monograph 3 years later in the USA (Winokur and Clayton 1967), not only have Falret's and Baillarger's concepts been replicated, completed and developed, but also essential aspects of the work of Carl Wernicke (1900, 1906), Karl Kleist (1928), Karl Leonhard (1934, 1937, 1957), Edda Neele (1949) and others.