By Rogier Noldus
Tips on how to use CAMEL to move the clever community notion to the cellular world!CAMEL (Customized program for the cellular community greater good judgment) is a customary for clever Networks for cellular communications networks. it really is at the moment deployed in all areas of the area, allowing cellular community operators to supply quick and effective providers to their subscribers.This e-book is an in-depth and devoted reference on CAMEL, taking the reader during the heritage and improvement of clever Networks and the fundamental rules of CAMEL, to the way forward for the technology. the writer offers suggestions at the a number of criteria and requisites, and explains not just how CAMEL works but in addition why it really works this way. useful tricks at the install of CAMEL within the community are given during the book. CAMEL: clever Networks for the GSM, GPRS and UMTS Network:Offers a finished advisor to imposing CAMEL.Gives a whole photograph, together with the community entities & information flows involved.Describes and explains the 4 CAMEL stages and their aspects.Presents an summary of the foundations of clever Networks, similar to Finite nation Machines, set off Detection issues, occasion Detection issues and discussion, necessary to knowing CAMEL.Covers charging and accounting matters, and the effect of CAMEL at the charging method within the cellular network.Provides sensible tricks over and above these pointed out within the formal specifications.This textual content could be a useful source for clever community carrier common sense designers, carrier community designers, community engineers, and GSM/UMTS community designers and implementers. complex scholars on classes resembling ‘Intelligent Networks’, ‘Value further Services’, and ‘Service Networks’ also will locate it a superb consultant to the subject.
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Additional info for CAMEL: Intelligent Networks for the GSM, GPRS and UMTS Network
TC Begin – this TC message is used to initiate a TC dialogue; TC Begin may contain operations like initial DP, initiate call attempt or assist request instruction. • TC Continue – this TC message is used to continue or to terminate a TC dialogue (with prearranged end) and to transfer one or more CAP operations, CAP error or CAP result. • TC End – TC End is used to explicitly close a TC dialogue; this TC message may also contain one or more CAP operations. • TC Abort – TC Abort is used to abort a TC dialogue when an error has occurred requiring the closing of the TC dialogue, but the entity does not have the possibility to close the dialogue in a regular way.
2 Monitor Relationship When a monitor relationship exists between SSF and SCF, the IN service may keep informed about the call progress, but cannot assert any control over the call. It cannot, for example, order a follow-on call when call establishment fails. When a relationship exists between SSF and SCF, but does not qualify for a control relationship, it is a monitor relationship. A control relationship may downgrade to a monitor relationship, but not vice versa. 7 Evolution of the CAMEL Standard CAMEL is a natural evolution of the IN standards that were defined by Bellcore, the ITU-T and ETSI.
The ETSI CS standards are referred to as Core INAP CS1, Core INAP CS2 and Core INAP CS3. The present book does not aim to provide in-depth description of the original IN standards as developed by Bellcore, ITU-T and ETSI. Rather, the chapters in this book describe how CAMEL, 1 2 Bell Communications Research, North American laboratory, providing support to the Bell Companies. Other ITU sectors include radio communications (ITU-R) and telecom development (ITU-D). 1 Exchange Signalling IN control to basic call being an IN standard, is developed for the GSM network specifically.