By Janet A. Butler, Christopher M. Colles, Sue J. Dyson, Svend E. Kold, Paul W. Poulos(auth.)
Chapter 1 basic rules (pages 1–26):
Chapter 2 Foot, Pastern and Fetlock (pages 27–130):
Chapter three The Metacarpus and Metatarsus (pages 131–170):
Chapter four The Carpus (pages 171–204):
Chapter five The Shoulder, Humerus and Elbow (pages 205–245):
Chapter 6 The Tarsus (pages 247–248):
Chapter 7 The Stifle and Tibia (pages 285–326):
Chapter eight the pinnacle (pages 327–402):
Chapter nine The backbone (pages 403–456):
Chapter 10 The Pelvis and Femur (pages 457–481):
Chapter eleven The Thorax (pages 483–528):
Chapter 12 The Alimentary and Urinary structures (pages 529–562):
Chapter thirteen Miscellaneous innovations (pages 563–584):
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Additional resources for Clinical Radiology of the Horse, Second Edition
They are often close to the articular surface of the bone and sometimes a ‘neck’ connecting the cyst-like lesion with the joint surface can be identified. Some OCLLs ultimately fill in radiographically, but others persist virtually unchanged. Osseous cyst-like lesions occurring near the articular margin in young horses may appear to migrate progressively away from the joint surface, as normal endochondral ossification occurs. The aetiology of OCLLs is obscure. Some are true subchondral bone cysts and have a fibrous cystic lining, but there are probably a number of causes, despite their similar radiographic appearance.
3). It should be aligned at right angles to a line drawn across the bulbs of the heel. This will ensure a straight dorsopalmar view of the foot. If it is desired to record medial or lateral deviation of the distal limb, the beam should be aligned craniocaudal to the antebrachium. A 6 : 1 ratio grid is preferred. Palmaroproximal-palmarodistal oblique view This view is used to give good visualization of the palmar processes of the distal phalanx, particularly for separation of the laminae of the heel of the foot.
SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS Laminitis The primary radiographic changes detected in laminitis relate to separation of the distal phalanx from the hoof wall. Most commonly this is evident as a distal rotation of the toe of the bone, resulting in the dorsal wall of the hoof ceasing to be parallel to the dorsal wall of the distal phalanx. As the condition progresses, a faint radiolucent line may appear between the distal phalanx and the sole or hoof wall. This initially represents serum collected between the dermal and epidermal laminae, and is visible because of the slight difference between fluid and horn densities.