By Per Lundin
This ebook experiences the shift within the historiography of computing from inventors and thoughts to a user-perspective, and examines how the appropriate resources should be created, accrued, preserved, and disseminated. The textual content describes and evaluates a undertaking in Sweden that documented the tales of round seven hundred humans. The booklet additionally presents a serious dialogue at the interpretation of oral facts, offering 3 case stories on how this proof can tell us in regards to the interplay of computing with large-scale changes in economies, cultures, and societies. positive factors: describes a historiography aimed toward addressing the query of the way computing formed and reworked Swedish society among 1950 and 1980; offers a user-centered point of view at the historical past of computing, after explaining some great benefits of such an technique; examines the documentation of clients, describing novel and leading edge documentation equipment; discusses the professionals and cons of collaborative tasks among academia and industry.
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Additional info for Computers in Swedish Society: Documenting Early Use and Trends
79 However, the use of this method will probably increase as it already today is much easier to design Web solutions of this kind. It seems to me that there are at least two reasons for the comprehensive oral history programs in the history of science, technology, and medicine. 80 It would be no wild guess that this statement also is valid for the engineering community— although I do not have any statistics to support it. Second, and more important, the professional communities themselves have played an active, and even crucial, role in preserving “their” heritage for posterity by initiating large oral history programs.
Acquiring written recollections, on the other hand, is rather cheap, and with Internet solutions it is possible to increase the scope of the documentation. A pioneering project in this respect was carried out at MIT, namely, the “History of Recent Science and Technology on the World-Wide Web,” between 2000 and 2003. 79 However, the use of this method will probably increase as it already today is much easier to design Web solutions of this kind. It seems to me that there are at least two reasons for the comprehensive oral history programs in the history of science, technology, and medicine.
It is obvious that many aspects of elites are not covered by the existing sources. The same is true for the component of tacit knowledge in technical and scientific work. Furthermore, it is difficult for the layman to comprehend and assess the often complex and complicated computing technology with the help of written sources only. And the fragmented character of the use of computing, which indicates that users are found throughout society, makes it difficult and time consuming to trace written sources.