By Joseph E. Emonds
The essays during this quantity, courting from 1991 onwards, specialise in hugely attribute structures of English, Romance languages, and German. between clause-internal buildings, the main difficult are English double gadgets, particle structures, and non-finite complementation (infinitives, participles and gerunds). Separate chapters partially I provide quite entire analyses of every. those analyses are built-in into the framework of Emonds (2000), in which a simplified subcategorization thought totally expresses supplement choice. central result of that framework represent the preliminary essay of half I. parts. The self-contained essays can all be learn individually. they're wealthy in empirical documentation, and but in them all, options are built round a coherent, particularly uncomplicated theoretical middle. In Romance languages, vintage generative debates have singled out clitic and causative buildings because the such a lot not easy. Separate essays partially II lay out the usually advanced paradigms and suggest exact syntactic suggestions, basic of their total structure but wealthy in unique predictions. relating hobbies to clausal edges, specifically arguable themes comprise passives, English parasitic gaps, and the character of verb-second platforms exemplified by way of German.. The essays partly III every one use particularly wonderful yet nonetheless theoretically restricted structural money owed to resolve thorny difficulties in all 3.
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Extra resources for Discovering Syntax: Clause Structures of English, German and Romance
Obey the law) *I don’t like the boss’s threat of strikers. (cf. (cf. 21e) is thus redundant. Acceptable of-phrases in nominalizations with two NP complements must express Themes, as in fact attested in several of Kayne’s paradigms. In these grammatical configurations, “on our reasoning, (91)–(93) evidently cannot be instances of the structure ’N [S NP PP]’, …. 14 My case here against SCs in nominalizations might seem to require different explanations for different paradigms, in contrast to Kayne’s unified account.
First, SUBJUN appears to be an absence of content feature on I (cf. Ch. 1). As argued in Picallo (1984), although Catalan subjunctive morphemes realize finite agreements in PF, they are not tense morphemes with LF content. Therefore, using SUBJUN for English ECM complements can explain why their temporal sense is more neutral, less “realis,” than their finite counterparts. 16 Precisely because of this latter fact, [I, SUBJUN] is empty in English at Spell Out and hence fails to assign nominative case.
Chomskyans on the other hand remain convinced of the importance of the subject-predicate dichotomy in analyzing and interpreting sentences. It is no accident that for many years, Chomsky’s (1957) original rule S f NP – VP was almost heraldic of the transformational ap- 24 Structures in lexical projections proach, even though the main point of Syntactic Structures was to demonstraate the inadequacy of such rules. 28) Many semantic propositions , defined as groupings of subject and predicate and nothing else, are represented in natural language by a syntactic category .