By Harry Van Der Hulst
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Additional info for Eurotyp: Typology of Languages in Europe, Volume 4: Word Prosodic Systems in the Languages of Europe
8) Ne sispomnih da bjah otišla. ' To summarize the basic facts as presented so far, what we are looking at is a construction that is functionally similar to familiar infinitives, but contains a verb marked marginally for tense-aspect and very clearly and meaning fully for person-number agreement. The obvious question then is what kind of subject this construction can have: will it follow pattern (3a), as Government-Binding theory predicts, or (3b)? In all of the examples given so far, the embedded clause has no sub ject; that is, in GB terms its subject is an empty NP; PRO or pro.
The coreference possibilities of a pronoun subject and the possibil ity of an anaphor as opposed to a pronoun subject will universally depend on the presence of verbal agreement in the clause; this is because the effect of the Binding Principles A and is determined by the size of the Governing Category, which in turn is determined by the presence or absence of AGR, as shown in (4). ii. Since the case of a pronominal is determined by its governor, the subjects of finite and infinitive clauses will differ in case: a subject governed by AGR (in a structure like (4b)) will be nominative (or whatever case main-clause subjects take), while in a structure like (4a) the embedded clause subject will have the appropriate case for an object of the matrix verb.
Givón, T. 1984. Syntax. A Functional-typological Introduction. Volume 1. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Greenberg, Joseph. 1963. ), 58-90. : MIT Press. Greenberg, Joseph, C. Osgood, and J. Jenkins. 1963. " In Universals of Language, 255-264. ), Cambridge: MIT Press. Hawkins, John A. 1983. Word Order Universals. New York: Academic Press. Maddieson, Ian. 1984. Patterns of Sounds. Cambridge: Cambridge Univer sity Press. Troike, Rudolph. 1981. " Lan guage 57(3):658-673.