By Lillian Hoddeson
Fermi nationwide Accelerator Laboratory, positioned within the western suburbs of Chicago, has stood on the frontier of high-energy physics for 40 years. Fermilab is the 1st heritage of this laboratory and of its strong accelerators advised from the perspective of the folks who outfitted and used them for medical discovery. targeting the 1st 20 years of study at Fermilab, through the tenure of the laboratory’s charismatic first administrators, Robert R. Wilson and Leon M. Lederman, the ebook lines the increase of what they name “megascience,” the collaborative fight to behavior large-scale overseas experiments in a weather of restricted federal investment. in the middle of this new weather, Fermilab illuminates the expansion of the trendy learn laboratory through the chilly warfare and captures the drama of human exploration on the leading edge of technological know-how. (20090313)
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Extra info for Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience
They were joined by their Caltech colleague, Robert Walker. 10 Next, Sands, Tollestrup, and Walker invited Snyder, Courant, and Hildred Blewett from Brookhaven, Kenneth Robinson from the Harvard-MIT Cambridge Electron Accelerator (CEA), and Robert Hulsizer from the University of Illinois to join their effort. 13 The Berkeley laboratory was now headed by Edwin McMillan, whom Lawrence had picked as his successor. McMillan’s interest in building a larger accelerator had been sparked in March 1960 when CERN director John Adams visited Berkeley bringing news about the operation of the PS.
The leader of this group would be advised by a committee of experts with nationwide representation. 43 As for where the work should be done, representatives from MURA, Brookhaven, and Berkeley each presented arguments for why their home laboratories should be chosen. 44 Brookhaven physicists argued that they were the nation’s experts in strong-focusing synchrotrons and could participate only if Brookhaven was the central site, for otherwise the effort would detract from AGS development. Berkeley representatives contended that only their laboratory possessed the necessary resources 29 CHAPTER TWO to host the study because Brookhaven was involved in AGS development.
22 24 T H E S E V E R A L H U N D R E D G eV A C C E L E R A T O R Proposals by Brookhaven, Berkeley, and Caltech—August 1960–December 1961 The issue of building an accelerator in the 100–1000 GeV range was then taken up by many physics advisory panels. In December 1960, a joint panel was assembled under Emanuel Piore, IBM’s director of research, consisting of the President’s Science Advisory Committee (PSAC) and the General Advisory Committee (GAC) of the AEC. 23 The Piore Panel was lukewarm about MURA’s FFAG, because the unexpectedly high intensity of the Brookhaven AGS and CERN PS had eroded the FFAG’s relevance.