By Weston M. Stacey

This revised and enlarged moment variation of the preferred textbook and reference comprises finished remedies of either the confirmed foundations of magnetic fusion plasma physics and of the newly constructing parts of lively learn. It concludes with a glance forward to fusion energy reactors of the long run. The well-established themes of fusion plasma physics -- simple plasma phenomena, Coulomb scattering, drifts of charged debris in magnetic and electrical fields, plasma confinement via magnetic fields, kinetic and fluid collective plasma theories, plasma equilibria and flux floor geometry, plasma waves and instabilities, classical and neoclassical delivery, plasma-materials interactions, radiation, and so forth. -- are absolutely constructed from first rules via to the computational types hired in smooth plasma physics.

The new and rising issues of fusion plasma physics learn -- fluctuation-driven plasma shipping and gyrokinetic/gyrofluid computational method, the physics of the divertor, impartial atom recycling and shipping, impurity ion shipping, the physics of the plasma side (diffusive and non-diffusive shipping, MARFEs, ELMs, the L-H transition, thermal-radiative instabilities, shear suppression of delivery, speed spin-up), and so on. -- are comprehensively constructed and with regards to the experimental proof. Operational limits at the functionality of destiny fusion reactors are constructed from plasma physics and engineering constraints, and conceptual designs of destiny fusion strength reactors are discussed.

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**Sample text**

In the absence of an electric field, Wk and W are constant, and therefore W? D W Wk is constant. e / B3 By analogy with Eq. 19), the force that produces the rB drift is W? 2. A time-dependent electric field along the magnetic field would simply produce a corresponding time dependence in the z-component of motion. Of more interest is the eﬀect of a time-dependent electric field component in a direction perpendicular to the magnetic field, which we will take as the y-direction as shown in Fig. 4.

56) to write the Â-component of Eq. r Â C 2rP Â/ D r @r @z in cylindrical coordinates. Only the E A component of the electric field was retained in Eq. 1) in deriving Eq. 66). The right side of Eq. 66) is the substantive derivative of rAÂ , allowing Eq. 2 Constants of the Motion 37 Multiplying Eq. 69) has been proven to be a constant of the motion. 71) When we say that PÂ is a constant of the motion, what we mean is that a particle is constrained to move so that the terms on the right of Eq. 69) always sum to the same value.

Thus h iD hW? 17) is a constant of the motion, where h i indicates the gyroperiod average. Another way to arrive at the E B drift is to note that the particle motion will be such that the net force on the particle (averaged over a gyroperiod) in the plane perpendicular to B must vanish. In other words, the e. E B / Lorentz force will just balance the applied force eE , or F D eE D e. 18) Simple vector manipulations lead immediately from Eqs. 16). More generally, the drift motion in response to any applied force, F , can be obtained from Eq.