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Additional info for Gender, AIDS and Food Security: Culture and Vulnerability in Rural Cote D'ivoire

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Main demographic indicators of Côte d’Ivoire (PRB, 2008; UNICEF, 2008). 4 50/53 70/52 90 127 810 In terms of political participation and decision-making power, women are not represented enough to influence policies that continuously jeopardize their emancipation, along with a sustainable environment and development. The country counts only three women ministers out of 32, and 19 women deputies out of 225. The civil war has displaced thousands of people, particularly women and children. It has deepened the feminization of poverty, accordingly increasing women’s vulnerability to HIV mainly in war-affected areas, where the rate of HIV infection remains much higher due to the widespread sexual violence and increased prostitution.

Its duties include the raising of AIDS awareness, the mobilization of civil society and NGOs, advocacy, fundraising, and impact assessment of the epidemic on different economic and development activities, and the monitoring and evaluation of AIDS-related interventions. The mission of the Public Health Ministry relates to medical and therapeutic issues, like Anti-Retro-Viral (ARV) delivery programmes and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT). According to the current AIDS National Strategic Plan (NSP) for 2006-2010, the targets are to reduce HIV incidence by 25%, and to increase the number of HIV-infected people treated with ARVs from 20,000 to 104,000 by 2010, using a decentralized and multisectoral response to AIDS.

Besides, up to now, the Public Health Ministry has been ruled by the opposition, whereas the Response to AIDS Ministry has been ruled by a minister from the political party in power since its creation. 4 ANADER, agricultural extension services and the response to AIDS In Côte d’Ivoire, the agricultural extension services are performed by the National Institute of Rural Development (ANADER), created in 1994. Its overall mission is to improve the national agricultural production in order to attain national food security and rural development.

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