By Randall Gess (Ed.), Deborah Arteaga (Ed.)
This quantity includes 17 experiences on ancient Romance linguistics inside of quite a few present theoretical frameworks; it comprises reports on phonology, morphology and syntax, focusing exclusively or relatively on all 5 ‘major’ Romance languages: French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian and Spanish. An creation by way of the eminent Romance Linguist Jürgen Klausenburger addresses the healthy of those stories within the total improvement of the sector of ancient Romance linguistics because the nineteenth century. The reviews during this quantity display an natural hyperlink among Malkiel’s (1961) ‘classic’ definition of Romance linguistics and the sphere of Romance linguistics this present day, simply because simply as students of the sector within the nineteenth century effectively utilized the dominant paradigm of (historical) linguistics in their time, Neogrammarian idea, so do the authors inside the current quantity avail themselves of present linguistic advances to accomplish both major effects.
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Additional resources for Historical Romance Linguistics: Retrospective and Perspectives
Based on the speech of his own informants, however, Torreblanca (1978, 1986a,b) argues that the voicing of syllable-initial sibilants is driven by articulatory weakening, independently of the etymology of the word. Apparently, we are dealing with two distinct patterns here. For speakers who maintain etymological sibilant voicing specifications, their situation approximates that of present-day Judeo-Spanish dialects in which the medieval voicing contrast is retained. 11 As for the true innovators, we follow Torreblanca (1986b): “[p]odríamos suponer que la sonorización moderna comenzó en estas provincias cuando todavía se conservaba la distinción fonológica medieval de sibilantes sordas y sonoras” (19).
Avoice] ** ** * * IDENTSIB(voice) * * ** ** ** Tableau 3: Word-initial sibilants are [-voice] (medieval Spanish) The analysis of preconsonantal sibilants is given in Tableau 4. For reasons by now familiar, candidates (a) and (b) are ruled out by SPACESV. Since the sibilants in (c-e) are not syllable-initial, s[s is irrelevant. The decision is passed to *[avoice], which favors neutral [S] in (d) over sibilants with a phonological specification for voicing in (c) and (e). As explained in Figure 1 and the surrounding discussion, preconsonantal [S] is subject to gradient voicing as a function of interpolation from the phonetic context, as in modern Spanish [deszDe ~ dezDe] desde “since”.
Absent from modern Castilian, however, is the voicing of wordfinal sibilants before a word-initial vowel. It is difficult to know the relative chronology of the change in (4) and the loss of voiced sibilants from wordfinal prevocalic contexts. ) Additional changes in the Spanish sibilant inventory occurred during the 16th and 17th centuries. In Northern Spain, the dental fricative /s5/ developed into a non-sibilant interdental /T/, while the prepalatal /S/ became the velar /x/ and, therefore, also lost its sibilant character.