By Jed Z. Buchwald, Andrew Warwick
Computing device generated contents notice: advent -- Jed Z. Buchwald and Andrew Warwick -- I CORPUSCLES AND ELECTRONS -- 1 J. J. THOMSON AND THE ELECTRON, 1897-1899 -- George E. Smith -- 2 CORPUSCLES TO ELECTRONS -- Isobel Falconer -- three THE QUESTIONABLE subject OF electrical energy: THE RECEPTION OF J. J. THOMSON'S ''CORPUSCLE'' between electric THEORISTS AND TECHNOLOGISTS -- Graeme Gooday -- four PAUL VILLARD, J. J. THOMSON, AND THE COMPOSITION OF CATHODE RAYS -- Benoit Lelong -- II WHAT was once the infant ELECTRON solid FOR? -- five THE ZEEMAN impression AND the invention OF THE ELECTRON -- Theodore Arabatzis -- 6 THE ELECTRON, THE PROTYLE, AND THE cohesion OF topic -- Helge Kragh -- 7 zero. W. RICHARDSON AND THE ELECTRON idea OF subject, 1901-1916 -- Ole Knudsen -- eight ELECTRON fuel idea OF METALS: unfastened ELECTRONS IN BULK subject -- Walter Kaiser -- III ELECTRONS utilized AND APPROPRIATED -- nine THE ELECTRON AND THE NUCLEUS -- Laurie M. Brown -- 10 THE ELECTRON, the outlet, AND THE TRANSISTOR -- Lillian Hoddeson and Michael Riordan -- eleven home improvement A vintage: THE ELECTRON IN natural CHEMISTRY, 1900-1940 -- MaryJo Nye -- 12 THE PHYSICISTS' ELECTRON AND ITS APPROPRIATION by means of THE CHEMISTS -- Kostas Gavroglu -- IV PHILOSOPHICAL ELECTRONS -- thirteen WHO quite stumbled on THE ELECTRON? -- Peter Achinstein -- 14 historical past AND METAPHYSICS: at the fact OF SPIN -- Margaret Morrison -- 15 WHAT may still PHILOSOPHERS OF technological know-how research FROM THE historical past OF THE ELECTRON? -- Jonathan Bain and John D. Norton -- sixteen THE position OF idea within the USE OF tools; OR, How a lot can we want to know approximately ELECTRONS -- TO DO technology WITH AN ELECTRON MICROSCOPE? -- Nicolas Rasmussen and Alan Chalmers
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Extra info for Histories of the electron: the birth of microphysics
1996. ” Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 27: 405–435. Buchwald, J. Z. 1985. From Maxwell to Microphysics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Falconer, E. 1987. “Corpuscles, Electrons, and Cathode Rays: J. J. ’” British Journal for the History of Science 20: 241–276. Feﬀer, S. M. 1989. “Arthur Schuster, J. J. ” Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 20: 33–61. Hunt, B. J. 1991. The Maxwellians. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Kaye, G. W. , and T. H.
53 There, Thomson presented his results from experiments on the magnetic deﬂection of cathode rays and a reﬁned version of Perrin’s experiment from 1895. He appears to have made no mention of the subatomic. The occasion for his April 30 talk was a Friday Evening Discourse at the Royal Institution in London. Most of this lecture-withdemonstrations was again devoted to these experiments, but what made news was the subatomic hypothesis he placed before his distinguished audience at the end. The tenor of the reaction can be seen in an editorial remark in The Electrician three months later: “Prof.
J. ”54 The text of the April 30 talk appeared in the May 21 issue of The Electrician, immediately following FitzGerald’s commentary on it. After a brief review of the history of cathode rays, Thomson presented some experiments displaying the deﬂection of the rays in magnetic ﬁelds, in the process providing visible evidence that their trajectory in a uniform ﬁeld is circular. He then demonstrated his version of Perrin’s experiment and described some related experiments showing that cathode rays carry a charge.