By Sylvain Auroux, E. F.K. Koerner, Hans-Josef Niederehe, Kees Versteegh
Quantity 2 treats, in nice element and, every now and then really innovatively, the person levels of improvement of the learn of language as an independent self-discipline, from the starting to be knowledge in seventeenth and 18th century Europe of genetic relationships between a number of languages to the institution of comparative-historical Indo-European linguistics within the nineteenth century, from the new release of the Schlegels, Bopp, Rask, and Grimm to the Neogrammarians and the appliance of the comparative way to non-Indo-European languages from all around the globe. Typological linguistic pursuits, first synthesized through Humboldt, in addition to the improvement of varied different non-historical endeavours within the nineteenth and the 1st 1/2 the twentieth century, resembling language and psychology, semantics, phonetics, and dialectology, obtain abundant recognition.
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Extra info for History of the Language Sciences: An International Handbook on the Evolution of the Study of Language from the Beginnings to the Present
Bibliographie Aldrete, Bernardo. 1606. Del orı´gen y principio de la lengua castellana o` romance qui oi se usa en Espan˜a. Roma: Carlo Vullieto. (Edicio´n facsimilar y estudio de Nieto Jime´nez, Lidio 1972Ϫ1975, 2 Bde. ) Asensio, Eugenio. 1960. “La lengua compan˜era del imperio: Historia de una idea de Nebrija en Espan˜a y Portugal”. RFE 43. 399Ϫ413. Bahner, Werner. 1956. Beitrag zum Sprachbewußtsein in der spanischen Literatur des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts. Berlin: Rütten & Loening. Ϫ. 1966. La lingüı´stica espan˜ola del siglo de Oro: Aportaciones a la conciencia lingüı´stica en la Espan˜a de los siglos XVI y XVII.
Nomen > kast. nombre untermauerte Aldrete die im Spanischen erfolgte Einfügung eines Gleitlautes durch ähnliche Veränderungen im Italienischen (lat. gremio > it. grembo) oder Französischen (lat. camera > frz. chambre; lat. numero > frz. nombre). Mit den zahlreichen Lautveränderungen, die Aldrete beim Wandel vom Lateinischen zum Spanischen herausstellte, setzte er die entsprechenden Bemühungen Nebrijas auf breiterer Ebene fort und ergänzte sie durch eine vergleichende Sicht. Die meisten dieser von Aldrete hervorgehobenen Lautveränderungen sind später im 19.
For whom words were the motivated product of sound symbolism and onomatopoeic creation, originating with Adam under the guidance of Nature (a “semanticisation of the phoneme”, Blume 1978). Describing a, e, u, o and b, d, l, s as the original vowels and consonants, Zesen correlated them with water, earth, air and fire respectively, citing Erde, Luft and the root -aa- in German hydronyms, but also Apollo (Ab ϩ bolle “waterball”) and other fantasies. The sound i was a later development, invented to distinguish meaning; juxtaposed, a and o conflicted violently like water and fire, whilst e and u assumed a mediating function.