By Fabio Vighi, Heiko Feldner
In Slavoj Zizek and Michel Foucault, this ebook brings jointly of the main renowned thinkers in modern severe thought. ranging from a severe overview of the Foucauldian paradigm of discourse research, it explores the theoretical scope and political effects of Zizek's combination of Lacanian psychoanalysis, Hegelian philosophy and Marxist politics. The comparability among the 2 thinkers throws into reduction the commonalities and irreconcilable transformations in their respective ways to severe idea. by way of unmasking fact as contingent symbolic fiction, the authors argue, Foucauldian feedback has in basic terms deconstructed the realm in numerous methods; the purpose, even if, is `to realize the genuine in what seems to be mere symbolic fiction' (Zizek) and to alter it.
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Additional resources for Žižek: Beyond Foucault
Thus conceived, class conflict can and ought to be avoided: there are always rational ways of negotiating differences of interest, opinion or belief, ways which maintain the social equilibrium and do not put civil peace in jeopardy. – Could there be a more clear-cut case of ideological fantasy? However, what is, in concrete terms, ideological fantasy, and how exactly does it work? Commenting on the events that followed the 41 42 Discourse Analysis or Ideology Critique? violent impact of hurricane Katrina on New Orleans (summer 2005), Zˇizˇek aims precisely to unmask the workings of ideological fantasy (see Zˇizˇek, 2005b).
This is why Zˇizˇek is right to define historicism as a deficit enterprise: Historicism = Historicity – the Real. Foucault is a historicist first and foremost insofar as he gives in to the temptation to reduce 24 Discourse Analysis or Ideology Critique? society ‘to its indwelling network of relations of power and knowledge’, ‘refuses to believe in repression and proudly professes to be illiterate in desire’ (Copjec, 1994, 6 and 14). Put differently, Foucault is a historicist first and foremost insofar as he does not contemplate the notion of an immanent exception hinting at the indiscernible wherefrom (vanishing mediator) and the im/possible beyond (the Real of an act) of a socio-symbolic regime whose constitutive ‘black hole’ (ex-timate core) it is.
Matrix Reloaded: Zˇizˇek’s Ideology Critique 35 We should be clear on a different point here: enjoyment does not need to be obscene, just as sexualisation does not necessarily have to possess overtly disturbing connotations. The dialectical link between ideology and illicit enjoyment, in other words, can work in both ways, as in the case of totalitarian systems: while the explicit content of Nazism and Stalinism in certain circumstances definitely takes on an obscene character, the implicit link that effectively interpellates individuals, manipulating (what appears to be) a transideological kernel of enjoyment, can in those circumstances just as easily be filled with ‘innocent’ sentiments of solidarity and even idealised justice.