By Susan Rotroff
This examine makes a speciality of the "saucer pyres," a chain of 70 deposits excavated within the residential and commercial components bordering the Athenian Agora. every one consisted of a shallow pit, its flooring occasionally marked by means of heavy burning, with a votive deposit of pottery and fragments of burnt bone, ash, and charcoal. lots of the pots have been miniatures (including the eponymous saucers) yet a couple of greater vessels have been chanced on, in addition to choices linked to funerary cult. The deposits symbolize a mostly Athenian phenomenon, with few parallels elsewherre. while first present in the Nineteen Thirties, the deposits have been interpreted as child burials. fresh zooarchaeological research of the bones, in spite of the fact that, unearths that they're the is still of sheep and goats, and that the deposits have been sacrificial instead of funerary. the current research investigates the character of these sacrifices, considering the contents of the pyres, their spatial distribution, and their dating to constructions round the Agora and in different places. In gentle of a robust correlation among pyres and business job, the writer argues that the pyres rfile office rituals designed to guard artisans and their corporations.
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Additional resources for Industrial Religion: The Saucer Pyres of the Athenian Agora
9. Notebooks ΜΣ III, p. 564 (pyre 24); ΠΠ VIII, p. 1503 (pyre 35); ΞΞ I, p. 124 (pyre 49). 10. Pyres 7, 12, 44, 60 (lopadia or lekanides right-side up with lids in place); pyre 41 (two large saucers stacked); pyre 44 (two saucers and a ribbon-handled plate stacked). 11. , a ribbon-handled plate (P 18547) in pyre 44. I have also observed this feature on some vessels from graveside pyres in the Kerameikos (Kerameikos XIV, pp. 17, 60, nos. 1, pls. 30, 45). 15 (38, 47). Furthermore, there is little difference in the completeness of the pottery in deposits burnt in situ and those with burning throughout, as there should be if the latter had been transported from the site of the burning.
The history of the miniature lopas (conventionally designated as a lopadion) is quite different, though it also involves the graveyard. Unlike the chytridion, the lopadion does not imitate large-scale models in detail, and its origin is a bit of a puzzle. The vessel is broad and shallow and fitted with a marked flange on the inside of the rim to receive a lid (Fig. 1; see also Fig. 6); a lid is often present as well. Details of the profile vary, but 21. See Agora XII, pp. ” The similarities between the full-size vessels and the chytridia can be appreciated on pl.
51–57. A lopadion from Building Z at the Kerameikos is about contemporary (Kerameikos XVII, p. 161, no. 403, pl. 94); it was found in a possible Opferstelle of the second phase of the structure. 30. Well H 12:6 (ca. 425–400), with P 11791 (Diam. 5 cm) and uninventoried fragments of at least 21 more; for the well, see Thompson 1940, pp. 95– 96, 129–131. Other examples known to me are: P 11665 from well M 18:8 (ca. 430–420), Diam. 3 cm; P 16517 from the middle fill of well G 18:1 (ca. 450–410), est.