By J. K. Wing
This ebook experiences the connection among institutionalism and schizophrenia within the lives of psychological sufferers. The authors saw schizophrenic sufferers in 3 varied psychological hospitals over a interval of 8 years. Their conclusions are very important for the higher administration of associations and for the way forward for extra-mural psychological well-being prone. The lives of long term schizophrenic sufferers are strictly constrained through their institutionalised environments, which frequently produce unwanted effects. for instance, sufferers are specially susceptible to social understimulation, reacing with apathy and withdrawal. at the confident facet, signs corresponding to delusions and hallucinations may very well lessen in the course of institutionalisation. The attention-grabbing method of the optimistic and unwanted effects of institutionalisation on schizophrenics will provide this publication a large readership in psychiatry, social psychology and the social sciences in addition to between social staff, nurses and occupational therapists.
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Extra resources for Institutionalism and Schizophrenia: A Comparative Study of Three Mental Hospitals 1960-1968
Handicaps in schizophrenic patients The various factors which may hinder the resettlement of a schizophrenic patient can be classified into three large groups: (a) disabilities which are present before the overt onset of schizophrenia, such as a poor education, a difficult personality, a physical disability or low intelligence; (b) disabilities which are basically part of the illness, such as incoherent thought processes, delusional motivation or catatonic slowness or apathy; (c) 'secondary' handicaps which are not part of the illness itself but which have accumulated because the patient has been ill, and because of his own and other people's reactions to the illness.
Took very much longer over a meal, or dressing, or walking across the ward, than other patients (1) Showed periods of extreme slowness of movement as in (2), but at other times was not slow to move (0) Speed of movement normal Item 2: Under-activity (2) Stood or sat in one place all the time, with little movement. g. paced rapidly up and down, became excited, talked or sang loudly or wildly, etc. g. in reply to questions, but was usually silent (0) Ordinary conversation Item 5: Social withdrawal (2) Never mixed socially with anyone, even when encouraged to do so (1) Was socially withdrawn and solitary, but would mix a little with others if encouraged to do so (0) Normal social mixing Item 6: Leisure interests (2) Showed no interest in anything.
No visitors Doesn't go home. Visited regularly Doesn't go home. Visited occasionally Doesn't go home. No visitors 2a, 2a, 2b, 2b, 2c, 2c, 2c, la or lb lc la or lb lc la lb lc 15 13 11 9 6 4 3 This score was modified, if necessary, as follows: Score Town parole Ground parole Not allowed outside ward except in supervised working party Not allowed outside ward except under individual supervision 3d 3c 3b +2 -1 -2 3a -3 Ward restrictiveness The day-to-day management of certain of the female wards was considered in detail.