Download Judaism of the Second Temple Period: Volume 1, Qumran and by David Flusser PDF

By David Flusser

David Flusser was once a truly prolific student of the lifeless Sea Scrolls, and his contributions to Scrolls examine, apocalypticism, and apocalyptic literature are inestimable. Now with this English translation of lots of his essays, Flusser's insights can be found to a much broader viewers than ever sooner than. right here Flusser examines the impact of apocalypticism on a variety of Jewish sects. He states that the lessons of Jesus, whereas reflecting at first the perspectives of the sages, also are stimulated via Jewish apocalypticism. interpreting the Essenes, their impact on Hebrew language, the break up of sects, and lots more and plenty extra, Flusser's gathered essays supply a massive resource of analysis for any lifeless Sea Scrolls student.

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This is doubly perplexing if we consider that John the Baptist, who was close to the Essenes, hoped for the advent of the 'son of man,' as the Gospels of Matthew and Luke plainly attest. We may assume that there was no uniformity of opinion among the members of the Qumran community with regard to the details of their escha­ tological doctrine. It is possible that strict discipline was not enforced, and that the sect did not consider significant disagreements in this area. Still, the most important shift may occur in the study of early Christianity, more specifically, in the question of Jesus' own messianic consciousness.

Both the Essenes, and the broader movement from which they emerged, ele­ vated the importance of the eschatological priest. For the Qumran commu­ nity, like the Testament of the Patriarchs, priesthood is greater than kingship. This axiology is evident in the lofty status of priests within the sect, a sect whose founder, the Teacher of Righteousness, was himself a priest. Indeed, in a number of texts - both in the scrolls and in the Testament of Levi - the es­ chatological priest is elevated to super-human stature.

1. o. S. Wintermute, translator, from J. H. Charlesworth (ed. 76. 2. E. 16. 39 5. A Pre-Gnostic Concept in the Dead Sea Scrolls Dedicated to my friend, Shlomo Pines Upon the discovery of its literature, the Dead Sea community became a leading candidate to be one of the important forerunners of the Gnostic worldview, l in light of its unique ideology. Like the various Gnostic movements, the Dead Sea Scrolls emphasize the secrecy of its doctrines, while maintaining a starkly dualistic approach to humanity and the world, a world that it pessimistically views as given to the dominion of darkness.

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