By B. Bar-Kochva
This e-book is an account of the battles fought by means of Judas Maccabeus among 166 and a hundred and sixty B.C. opposed to the forces of the Seleucids through the rebel of the Jews opposed to domination by means of the Seleucid empire. It reexamines the authorized tests of Judas Maccabeus' actions and achievements and seeks to reconstruct the process the army and political occasions of his time. half I examines the composition and power of the armies on each side, their armaments and working tools, and discusses the level of Judas Maccabeus' luck. Following an advent comparing the Jewish writings from all issues of view, half II supplies unique money owed of the battles, together with the terrain and the strategies hired, analysing and commenting at the suitable narratives from the e-book of Maccabees. a number of appendices speak about person difficulties important to the reconstruction of the ancient advancements.
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Extra info for Judas Maccabaeus: The Jewish Struggle Against the Seleucids
Trankle 1977: 27-30; Briscoe 1981: 2-3,241. 14 See Bar-Kochva 1979: 128-9. 15 Ibid. 253 nn. n - 1 2 . The various proposals for correcting the numbers of the GrecoMacedonian Ptolemaic phalanx at Raphia made by Mahaffy (1899: 140-52) and Griffith (1935: 117,123,140) must be rejected. See Cavaignac 1951: 292-4; Peremans 1951: 214-22; Huss 1976: 58-60; Bar-Kochva 1979: 138-41; Galili 1976-7: 626°. 16 Bar-Kochva 1979: 8-9. Table i. ) For the provenance and status of these units see Bar-Kochva 1979: 8-9,42-53.
17 All these are entirely missing from the Daphne procession. The reason for the absence of the 'easterners' has already been mentioned. C. As to the Arabs, their appearance en masse at Raphia is explicable both by the immediate interest of these caravan traders to ensure the amity of the ruler soon to control the ports of export, and by Antiochus Ill's desire to assure himself suitably experienced troops for desert warfare in territory where the decisive battle was expected to take place. It should be noted in this context that the allies and vassals created difficulties in the Seleucid army.
However, as it is inconceivable that the military settlers from these two regions were so few, it is obvious that these figures are inadequate, and that the manpower potential of the military settlers from all parts of the 20 On the financial straits see pp. 228-33 below in the comment on verses 29-31. On the mobilization restrictions see Griffith 1935: 146-7; and see p. 306 below re verse 30. 22 On the military settlements as the main source of manpower for the phalanx see the evidence in Griffith 1935: 147-70; Bickerman 1938: 74-8; Jones 1940: 23-4; Bar-Kochva 1979: 20-2,56-8.