By Alison Frantz
This booklet collects for the 1st time the archaeological and ancient facts for the realm of the Athenian Agora in overdue Antiquity, a interval which spans the final flourishing of the nice philosophical faculties, the defeat of classical paganism through Christianity, and the cave in of the past due Roman Empire. even if the first concentration of this quantity is the fabric exposed through the Agora excavations, the examine additionally takes into consideration earlier and present discoveries in other places within the urban. the writer attracts on archaeological, epigraphical, and literary facts to provide a finished account of the background and topography of the town within the years prior to A.D. seven-hundred. The process Athenian building and destruction is traced from the mid-3rd century, in the course of the Herulian invasion, to the interval of restoration within the third and 4th centuries (ending with the invasion of the Visigoth, Alaric, in A.D. 396). The fifth century is defined, which observed the last of the colleges of philosophy through Justinian and the 1st Christian church buildings, and the sluggish decline of town till the Slavic invasion of the 580s, whilst Athens all started an speeded up slide into oblivion. exact awareness is paid to questions surrounding the heritage of the philosophical and rhetorical colleges, the institution of Christianity, and the elimination of artworks from Athens to Constantinople.
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Additional resources for Late Antiquity, A.D. 267-700
For his place in the philosophicalmilieu of Athens, Saffreyand Westerink,p. xlii. 21 H. Schenkel (RE VIII, cols. 1622-1635, with Suppl. III, cols. ) concludesthat Himerius' life must have been ca. 300-380. 22 He too may have been descendedfrom the biographer(Millar, "Dexippus,"p. 17). For his immediateancestors and his descendants,see Saffrey and Westerink,p. xxxv. For the school, below, pp. 57-58. 23 For Plutarch and Proclus, see below, pp. 43, 63; also, for buildings probablyconnectedwith teaching,pp.
202. 63 Travlos, PDA, pp. 180-181 for the locationof those known up to ca. 1970. For these and other hydraulicinstallations, as well as the continuingconcernfor all such activitiesinto the 5th century,see below, pp. 29-33. In some cases it is not certainwhether these date from the 4th or the 5th century. 70It has been suggestedthat the new Pompeion, built over the ruins of the old by the Dipylon Gate to provide a new marshalinggroundfor the PanathenaicProcession,was built by Julian. 71 Whatever the date of the actual building, the mention of "celebrations"in the encomia of Cervonius and Mamertinus raises the question of the continuanceof the PanathenaicFestival.
M. , Norman , I, pp. 106-107. 3Julian, Or. 6. This tributeto the father,insertedin Julian's panegyricof ConstantiusII, was perhapsintroduced as a welcome digressionfrom the uncongenialtask of praising the son. 23 (526). For the prestigeof the officesee P. Graindor,Un milliardaireantique. HerodeAtticuset safamille, Cairo 1930, p. 27. zEvov~ ' OaL. Vev a6ovoLs I, pp. 710-711. 6 ' /erT " 5LAg eivat, ) I ' ' ' ' 7rXEov eyavvvro e7rypaluuaTos Oa K5LWOL e7aorov va6 TO pvovs VPO bXftaLuo VK8Voz Ka'trrta '* I' v ey,LTrCov rT7uov ' rI TW 'ero'oKarov Tbpavopea aLWLS.