Download Legal Socialization: A Study of Norms and Rules by Ellen S. Cohn PhD, Susan O. White PhD (auth.) PDF

By Ellen S. Cohn PhD, Susan O. White PhD (auth.)

Legal Socialization - A examine of Norms and Rules examines the various responses, adverse and optimistic, to rule enforcement, in addition to the genesis of those responses and the stipulations less than which they happen. The ebook provides the result of a longitudinal, multi-methodological learn of the dynamic interplay among norms of habit and rule enforcement in a average environment, particularly, a college residential neighborhood. This technique allowed for the trying out of competing hypotheses drawn from social studying and cognitive developmental thought to figure out which used to be extra substantively predictive of criminal socialization. the 1st significant part discusses the very important concerns excited about figuring out criminal socialization; the 2 significant criminal socialization theories; and the learn layout of the examine performed via the authors. the second one half concentrates on empirically checking out the predictions of criminal improvement concept as opposed to social studying thought. the ultimate part explores the interplay among reasoning and rule-enforcing stipulations and its significance for realizing criminal socialization.

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Cognitive social learning theory conceptualizes normative behavior as a process of self-regulation. This process combines the effects of consequences (S ~ R ~ S) with the constructive capacity to transform acquired information into new forms of behavior. "There is little doubt that instead of mimicking models or emitting unedited copies of earlier observations, every person constructs (generates) his renditions of 'reality' in a highly selective fashion" (Mischel & Mischel, 1976, p. 86). These "construction competencies" are cognitive in nature and are related to, but distinguishable from, an individual's propensity to perform in a particular way in particular situations.

Whether this theory of legal development explains the relationship between reasoning and the other aspects of legal socialization such as attitudes and behaviors, or even provides the only explanation of variations in reasoning, is a further question. Levine and Tapp (1977; Levine, 1979) have approached this question of the relevance of cognitive legal development to legal socialization by reformulating a major premise of cognitive developmental theory. They accept the fundamental processes of assimilation, accommodation, and equilibration originally outlined by Piaget (1970/1983).

Because the basic S ~ R ~ S model probably cannot accommodate such ambiguities in rule transference, its applicability to legal socialization is questionable at best (White & Straus, 1981). The Social Learning Paradigm 43 Recent Applications The debate over observational versus internalization approaches to normative learning illustrates different ways to apply a theory of operant conditioning to legal socialization. Both approaches rely on affective rather than cognitive processes to explain how children learn what the social environment expects of them and how they are brought into conformity with these expectations.

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