Download Ludwig Wittgenstein - A Cultural Point of View (Ashgate by William J. DeAngelis PDF

By William J. DeAngelis

This booklet specializes in the attention-grabbing connection among Wittgenstein and Oswald Spengler and particularly the stated impact of Spengler's Decline of the West. His booklet exhibits in meticulous aspect how Spengler's darkish belief of an ongoing cultural decline resonated deeply for Wittgenstein and inspired his later paintings. In so doing, the paintings takes under consideration discussions of those concerns by way of significant commentators equivalent to Malcolm, Von Wright, Cavell, Winch, and Clack between others. A noteworthy function of this ebook is its try and hyperlink Wittgenstein's cultural matters together with his perspectives on faith and spiritual language. DeAngelis bargains a clean and unique interpretation of the latter.

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33 See Newton Garver, This Complicated Form of Life (Chicago, 1994), Chapter 11 and John V. Canfield, Wittgenstein, Language and World (Amherst, MA, November, 1981), Part I, Chapter 3. Spengler’s Influence on Wittgenstein: A First Approximation 21 to reality itself. 34 Here, Wittgenstein compares the propositions 1) Sensations are private and 2) One plays solitaire by oneself. 1) appears to be a metaphysical statement about the deep metaphysical nature of experience; 2), however, is clearly grammatical in Wittgenstein’s sense.

Paragraph 295. 36 Ibid. 22 Ludwig Wittgenstein – A Cultural Point of View Before ending the present discussion, I want to raise the issue of why Wittgenstein thought that Spengler was guilty of a confusion between prototype and object. I would like to explore his suggestion in some depth. The passage cited above specifies a confusion in Spengler between his “prototype” and the historical facts which are his objects of scrutiny. It suggests that the structure of the conceptual relations within his historical prototype – relations which can be expressed as grammatical or conceptual necessities – are somehow confused with historical necessities.

I will, in the next two chapters, move on to stating and defending my own conclusions about that influence in detail. I offer three main conclusions. First, Wittgenstein’s prefatory comments to his Philosophical Remarks, both in their final published version and in earlier drafts, incorporate strikingly Spenglerian ideas. The content, tone, and, most pointedly, the vocabulary of these remarks are deeply Spenglerian. There are dramatic, point-for-point similarities between their assessment of modern civilization and that found in Spengler’s Decline.

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