By David N. Livingstone
We're acquainted with taking into account technological know-how and its findings as common. in spite of everything, one atom of carbon plus of oxygen yields carbon dioxide in Amazonia in addition to in Alaska; a scientist in Bombay can use an identical fabrics and strategies to problem the paintings of a scientist in long island; and naturally the legislation of gravity observe world wide. Why, then, may still the areas the place technology is completed subject in any respect? David N. Livingstone the following places that question to the attempt together with his interesting learn of the way technology bears the marks of its position of production.
Putting technology in Its Place establishes the basic significance of geography in either the iteration and the intake of medical wisdom, utilizing historic examples of the numerous areas the place technology has been practiced. Livingstone first turns his awareness to a couple of the explicit websites the place technology has been made—the laboratory, museum, and botanical backyard, to call a few of the extra traditional locales, but additionally areas just like the coffeehouse and cathedral, ship's deck and asylum, even the human physique itself. In each one case, he unearths simply how the distance of inquiry has conditioned the investigations conducted there. He then describes how, on a neighborhood scale, provincial cultures have formed clinical activity and the way, in flip, clinical practices were instrumental in forming neighborhood identities. Widening his inquiry, Livingstone issues lightly to the elemental instability of clinical that means, in accordance with case reports of ways clinical theories were got in several locales. Putting technological know-how in Its Place powerfully concludes by means of reading the extraordinary mobility of technology and the probably easy approach it strikes round the globe.
From the reception of Darwin within the land of the Maori to the giraffe that walked from Marseilles to Paris, Livingstone indicates that position does subject, even on the earth of science.
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Extra info for Putting Science in Its Place: Geographies of Scientific Knowledge
Courtesy of his organizational skills, the ﬁeld methods Malinowski had deployed in the Trobriand Islands rapidly became the legitimating insignia of the profession. By valorizing the ﬁeld, the new professionals were able to subvert the authority of the old gentlemen-naturalists. ” In important ways, then, the ﬁeld is constituted by academic projects and narratives. Its existence as a scientiﬁc site depends on the stories scientists tell about it. While this is the case with all ﬁeld sites, it is in the social sciences that we may most clearly catch a glimpse of how this is so, for here the relationships between the researcher and the researched dramatically surface.
One commentator observed that visitors to this “animal’s Westminster Abbey,” with its stained-glass windows and churchlike atmosphere, were known to respectfully remove their hats on entering the building. ” By giving such priority to objects and their value, the American museum ﬁt remarkably well into a culture of acquisitiveness and, for a short time at any rate, was in the vanguard of the new century’s cultural economy of science. 40 chapter two This triumph was short-lived. The modern research university soon acquired the cognitive authority that had resided in the museum.
Among the domestic innovations of the sixteenth century were back stairs and basement rooms built to serve the needs of the household. Such arrangements provided conditions into which the spatial requirements of the natural philosopher could be inserted. Since the house is an architectural expression of social structure, the experimental workshop fashioned out of domestic quarters represents an important step in the segmentation of world and of self. Getting hold of a piece of space for alchemical experiment in his own home was a tricky business for John Dee.