Download Rome Enters the Greek East: From Anarchy to Hierarchy in the by Arthur M. Eckstein PDF

By Arthur M. Eckstein

This quantity examines the interval from Rome’s earliest involvement within the japanese Mediterranean to the institution of Roman geopolitical dominance over the entire Greek states from the Adriatic Sea to Syria via the 180s BC. Applies sleek political concept to old Mediterranean heritage, taking a Realist method of its research of Roman involvement within the Greek Mediterranean makes a speciality of the tough nature of interactions between states below stipulations of anarchy whereas analyzing the behavior of either Rome and Greek states in the course of the interval, and specializes in what the suggestions of recent political technological know-how can let us know approximately old diplomacy comprises specified dialogue of the concern that convulsed the Greek international within the final decade of the 3rd century BC presents a balanced portrait of Roman militarism and imperialism within the Hellenistic international

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Rome Enters the Greek East: From Anarchy to Hierarchy in the Hellenistic Mediterranean, 230–170 BC Arthur M. Eckstein © 2008 Arthur M. qxd 30/01/2008 11:03 AM Page 30 30 rome in contact with the greek east, 230‒205 bc at the behest of the Greek city of Tarentum in 280–275 bc – an invasion which lasted years, and which Rome defeated only after sustaining massive losses. 2 That was the situation as it stood ca. 230 bc. This chapter argues that the Roman military expeditions to the northwest coast of Greece in 229 bc and again in 219 bc – the first Roman interventions in the Greek East – had consequences that were themselves minimal.

1, see Walbank 1957: 153. On symploke¯ as a central theme in Polybius’ work, see Walbank 1985, and above, Chapter 1, p. 26. 15 See Walbank 1985: 314. 7). qxd 30/01/2008 11:03 AM Page 33 rome and illyria, ca. 230‒217 bc 33 lived the Illyrian peoples. From their first contact with these non-Greek tribal societies, in the fifth century, Greek writers describe the Illyrians as turbulent and warlike. The excavated graves of Illyrian males are filled with weapons. Competition for scarce resources in the Illyrian coastal hills led to frequent intertribal wars, and to raiding and population movements towards the southeast.

3, 5, and 7. 40 Similarly, Corcyra and Epidamnus, when threatened by the Ardiaei in 229, appealed to the Aetolian League and the Achaean League for aid – and were answered in the affirmative (though the help ultimately failed) – in a totally Greek context. qxd 30/01/2008 11:03 AM Page 38 38 rome in contact with the greek east, 230‒205 bc The anarchic nature of the Mediterranean environment itself fostered such appeals for help, for in a world without international law and/or the means to enforce it, those who could not defend themselves against violence by their own power had no option but to call upon the power of the more powerful for help.

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