By Hanna Holborn Gray
In trying to find Utopia, Hanna Holborn grey displays at the nature of the college from the viewpoint of today’s learn associations. specifically, she examines the guidelines of former collage of California president Clark Kerr as expressed within the makes use of of the college, written through the tumultuous Sixties. She contrasts Kerr’s imaginative and prescient of the research-driven “multiveristy” with the conventional liberal academic philosophy espoused via Kerr’s modern, former collage of Chicago president Robert Maynard Hutchins. Gray’s insightful research indicates that either Kerr, commonly thought of a realist, and Hutchins, obvious as an oppositional idealist, have been utopians. She then surveys the liberal arts culture and the present kingdom of liberal studying within the undergraduate curriculum inside of learn universities. As grey displays on significant tendencies and debates because the Nineteen Sixties, she illuminates the continuum of utopian wondering larger schooling through the years, revealing the way it applies even in today’s weather of problem.
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Additional resources for Searching for Utopia: Universities and Their Histories (The Clark Kerr Lectures On the Role of Higher Education in Society, Volume 2)
If he cannot persuade them to adopt his views, he must go with them. It is absurd to suppose that any president, however strong or willful he may be, can force a faculty, made up of great leaders of thought, to do his will. 27 One might see Hutchins and Kerr as representing two sides of an impulse toward educational reform, one uncompromising in his utopianism, the other setting an ideal as a target to be aimed at. Both took on the question of presidential leadership, Hutchins in the name of an integrated unity that would replace an already emergent multiversity and serve a resurrected unity of knowledge, Kerr in an effort to see how leadership might provide a unifying spirit and an impulse to constructive change for an academic space in which a fragmentation of interests, a diversity of ways of knowing, and an inevitable decentralization of power and inﬂuence and action had necessarily to be accepted as given conditions.
14 Eliot’s university at the end of his long term, as Oscar Handlin has written, had merged an inherited ideal of liberal education 46 / The University Idea and Liberal Learning with that of scholarship, “ever evolving as knowledge accumulated. ”15 It is in that transition from tradition to science as the source of intellectual authority in the world of learning that the modern idea of the university came to be born. There took place a decisive shift from an emphasis on inherited learning and its preservation and transmission to focus on the freedom that had necessarily to accompany the conviction that knowledge was an open and inﬁnite area of new discovery, with multiple paths of entry.
That calling is to think. A university is a center of independent thought. Since it is a center of thought, and of independent thought, it is also a center of criticism. 18 Clark Kerr surely shared Hutchins’s concern with the priority of academic freedom. But while he admired the polemicist’s willingness to take on an assertive critique of higher education and his boldness in laying out a program of fundamental reform and while he shared many of Hutchins’s concerns, Kerr most certainly did not share Hutchins’s basic outlook or approach.