By Norman Blake
So much scholarly realization on Shakespeare's vocabulary has been directed in the direction of his enrichment of the language via borrowing phrases from different languages. however the bulk of Shakespeare's output comprises performs and to make those look sensible he had to hire a colloquial and casual variety. except his bawdy language, this element of his paintings has thus far been mostly missed. right here for the 1st time is a dictionary that comes with all demeanour of non-standard English utilized by Shakespeare. The Dictionary lists the categories of note which represent casual language - no matter if utilized by all audio system or much less expert ones. As with different books during this sequence the phrases are grouped both through semantic identification, comparable to phrases for 'head', or via a few linguistic characteristic comparable to 'discourse markers'. a listing of abbreviations, decide on bibliography and the entire anticipated indices are integrated.
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Extra resources for Shakespeare's Non-Standard English: A Dictionary of his Informal Language
155–6 Q2, Marcellus; F has conueniently); dainty *‘elegantly’: Deinty Madam. 8 ; dangerous ‘severely’: or wounded dangerous. 6 quasi-adv. 87, Lord), OED Excellent C. 1a records 1483–1642; fast ‘locked’: All fast? 3, Cranmer); ‘fast asleep’: Fast I warrant her she. 28, Nurse); ﬁery ‘brightly’: Sticke ﬁery off indeede. 203, Hamlet); gallant *‘gallantly’: A louer that kils himselfe, most gallant, for loue. 9; gross *‘rudely’: with what poore iudgement hee hath now caste her off, appeares too grosse.
41, Lady Macbeth); true ‘professionally’: how true hee keepes the winde? 14, Clarence); unfortunate ‘regretably’: How e’re vnfortunate, I miss’d my ayme. 4, Boy); voluntary ‘of my free will’: I serue heere voluntary. 96, Thersites); wide ‘mistakenly’: that he doth speake so wide? 39 Q, Gloucester; F has worshipfully). 3. 2b ; askance ‘turned sideways’ with negative connotations: from their own misdeeds askaunce their eyes? 34–5, Capulet), GTSW by and by; cheek by jowl ‘side by side’: Ile goe with thee cheeke by iowle.
5 notes that mutton by itself meant ‘strumpet’ with laced meaning ‘wearing a bodice’ and records 1578–1694; cf. PWPS mutton 2); nag ‘old, worthless horse’ ’Tis like the forc’t gate of a shufﬂing Nagge. 10, Scarus); neb ‘beak’ hence *‘mouth’: How she holds vp the Neb? the Byll to him? 1b; nit ‘gnat’ hence *‘small person’: it is most patheticall nit. 2; †ox-beef ‘ox’: that same cowardly gyant-like Oxe-beefe hath deuoured many a gentleman of your house. 122, Gloucester), OED Pack-horse 1b; pied ‘chattering like a magpie’: What a py’de Ninnie’s this?