By Henry R. Hermann, Henry Hermani
Social bugs, quantity III emphasizes the insect symbionts that signify a really complicated staff of organisms with very assorted conduct. This quantity essentially specializes in numerous sorts of bees and their sociality. This publication includes 4 significant chapters the place the 1st bankruptcy represents the realization of debate on social insect phenomena. the 3 final chapters speak about intimately the biology of the featured eusocial bugs.
Chapter 1 features a dialogue on bugs and different arthropods. the next chapters specialise in numerous different types of bee, together with bumble bees, honey bees, and stingless bees. bankruptcy 2 specializes in the habit and ecology of bumble bees, while Chapters three and four speak about intimately the several organic facets of honey and stingless bees, respectively. themes contain the evolution of sociality, colony, caste differentiation, and distribution of those species.
Students and researchers attracted to the research of bees will locate this publication very worthy.
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Additional resources for Social Insects. Social Insects V3
H. Coleoptera or Beetles The arrangement of the families below conforms to a list given by Black welder and Arnett (1977). L Carabidae The Carabidae or ground beetles are a widely dispersed family of mostly predaceous freeliving beetles. Since carabids attack just about any other insect and even small mammals, it is not surprising that some attack social insects. The classification of the Carabidae that is followed here is that of Kryzhanovsky provided by G. E. Ball. In this classification the group of striking myrmecophiles formerly classified as a separate family, the Paussidae, is a subfamily of the Carabidae.
It is interesting that one species, Termitococcus carrotoi Silvestri, is found on the roots of grass. Nests of Heterotermes and Neocapritermes frequently have their bases entangled with roots. " Myers (1929) reported the presence of the cixiid, Mnemosyne cabana Stal, with large black and brown ants (Odontomachus insulanis Gueten) in Cuba. He cited Salt's observations that the nymphs were attended by the ants with each nymph accompanied by an ant (30 observations). The cixiids normally feed on roots and secrete long * 'tails" of white silky material.
Manni have been observed to groom the legs and other parts of the ants' bodies. They even ride on and clean the bodies of the queens of E. vagans Olivier and E. dulcius crassinode Borgmeier. The Thysanura are all fast moving and active, running in a zig-zag manner. They are sometimes attacked and killed by the ants. Trichatelura manni runs in an elevated position with the legs and the abdominal styli fully extended. Thus Trichatelura is not integrated into the ants' social life but is adapted to the nest and can survive there.