By Andrew Brown
This can be the 1st biography of Sir James Chadwick (1891-1974), most sensible often called the discoverer of the neutron, for which he received the Nobel Prize. Chadwick's valuable position within the unfolding drama of nuclear physics is mirrored in his courses and voluminous correspondence (many choices of that are integrated right here) with different prime figures like Niels Bohr and Lord Rutherford. within the Nineteen Twenties, Chadwick rose to turn into the operations director of the Cavendish Laboratory lower than Rutherford, and the invention of the neutron got here from an extreme burst of labor in Nineteen Thirties, after a decade of sadness. Chadwick's existence used to be molded by means of nice occasions, together with either global wars (which carried him although internment camps and slim escapes) and the improvement of the atom bomb. certainly, in the course of the moment international warfare, he was once to turn into Britain's premier authority on nuclear weaponry and leader British scientist at the long island venture. His tale hence deals distinctive insights into the behind-the-scenes actions of the U.S. and U.K. mystery companies and their quest for wisdom of German advances within the nuclear box. As an eye-witness account of a few of the main dramatic discoveries and advancements of the 20 th century, Chadwick's biography is either gripping and insightful.
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Additional resources for The Neutron and the Bomb: A Biography of Sir James Chadwick
CHAD II, 1/17, CAC. 25 Goldhaber, M. (1993). Reminiscences from the Cavendish Laboratory in the 1930's. Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 43, 1-25. 26 Chadwick, J. and Goldhaber, M. (1935). The nuclear photoelectric effect. Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 151, 479-93. 27 Rutherford, E. (19/8/35). Letter to J. Chadwick. Rutherford's papers, University of Cambridge Library. M. (1935). Undated letter to Lord Rutherford. Rutherford papers, University of Cambridge Library. 29 Mountford, J.
20/11/35). Letter to E. Rutherford, Rutherford's papers, University of Cambridge Library. 33 Cameron, J. (14/11/35). Letter to J. Chadwick. CHAD II, 1/17, CAC. J. (17/11/35). Letter to J. Chadwick. CHAD II, 1/17, CAC. 35 Bohr, N. (3/12/35). Letter to J. Chadwick. Niels Bohr Archive, Copenhagen. O. (27/11/35). Letter to J. Chadwick. Lawrence's papers, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley. 37 Chadwick, J. (1935). The neutron and its properties. In Nobel lectures: physics, 1922-1941, pp.
In the summer of 1911, Chadwick graduated with first class honours. Surprisingly, it was not all plain sailing. He completed the written papers-'one or two perhaps reasonably well, others pretty badly'-then terror struck. J. Thomson. I was terrified. It was not anything that he did. He came around to talk to me and I could hardly say a word. He was a kind of legend, you see . . I was in a complete pickle. 6 It defies belief that any undergraduate preparing for finals, and certainly not one of Chadwick's assiduous temperament, would really not have known in advance that he was going to have to take a practical exam.