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By Xenophon

In The Persian day trip, Xenophon, a tender Athenian noble who sought his future in another country, offers a charming eyewitness account of the try out by means of a Greek mercenary military - the 10 Thousand - to aid Prince Cyrus overthrow his brother and take the Persian throne. whilst the Greeks have been then betrayed by way of their Persian employers, they have been pressured to march domestic via enormous quantities of miles of adverse terrain - adrift in a antagonistic kingdom and lower than consistent assault from the unforgiving Persians and warlike tribes. during this awesome description of patience and person bravery, Xenophon, a type of selected to steer the taking flight military, offers a vibrant narrative of the crusade and its aftermath, and his account continues to be the best photos we've got of Greeks confronting a 'barbarian' global.

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The Persian Expedition

Within the Persian excursion, Xenophon, a tender Athenian noble who sought his future in a foreign country, offers a captivating eyewitness account of the test by means of a Greek mercenary military - the 10 Thousand - to assist Prince Cyrus overthrow his brother and take the Persian throne. whilst the Greeks have been then betrayed by way of their Persian employers, they have been pressured to march domestic via countless numbers of miles of inauspicious terrain - adrift in a antagonistic nation and lower than consistent assault from the unforgiving Persians and warlike tribes.

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He taught in Egypt and England, and was Director of the British Institute, Athens, from 1945 to 1947. He wrote poems, novels and critical essays, worked on films and broadcasting, and translated many works, of which Xenophon’s History of my Times, Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, and Plutarch’s Lives (under the title Fall of the Roman Republic) and Moral Essays have been published in Penguin Classics. Rex Warner died in 1986. GEORGE CAWKWELL is a Fellow Emeritus of University College, Oxford.

The approach march across the desert made the provision of supplies difficult; the campaign had to be timed to begin as the Nile fell and to end before it rose; the arms of the Nile and the canal system made the country peculiarly defensible. In the fourth century the Persians had to make four expeditions before they recovered it in early 342, by which time they should have been active against their new enemy, Macedon. Egypt was a waste of effort, the great error of Persian policy, but that was all.

In the Persian world armies were no bigger than anywhere else. Some Greeks must have known it. 33). Agesilaus should have, and possibly did. Those who wrote otherwise did so with tongue in cheek, or head in Panhellenist clouds. The battle of Cunaxa is a puzzling affair. The full account of Xenophon contains such defects that he can clearly have taken no trouble to ascertain what had really happened elsewhere on the battlefield – either by personal inquiry at the time or by studying the accounts of others at a later date.

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