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By Victor Ya. Frenkel

This publication is devoted to the Soviet theoretician Yakov Ilich Frenkel (1894 - 1952), whose paintings in reliable and liquid country physics is taken into account to be the golden starting place of 20th century physics. most sensible recognized are the Frenkel pairs (defects), kinetic idea of beverages, idea of cellular dislocations (Frenkel- Kontorova solitons). at the present time, the electron conception of solids is not possible with out excitons - the quasiparticles he brought in 1930. Frenkel additionally contributed vital ideas to classical electrodynamics (which now move less than Feynman‘s appellation "Frenkel‘s Fields") and to nuclear physics (the Bohr-Frenkel drop model). The ebook surveys the genesis and ramifications of Yakov Frenkel‘s clinical achievements. certain recognition is paid to Frenkel‘s civic convictions, his struggle opposed to reliable Soviet philosophy for the popularity and improvement of the speculation of relativity and quantum mechanics within the Soviet Union of the 1920s–1940s, an important thirty-year interval within the background of Russian physics following the October Revolution. a lot of the publication relies on a wealth of archival records, own recollections and of Frenkel‘s letters. due to his trenchant observations, a bright photo emerges of scientists, universities and cultures in Europe, the USA and diverse towns of the Soviet Union. The publication is richly illustrated via particular photographs and copies of drawings and graphics from Frenkel‘s personal hand.

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I am not at all bored; I spend rather a lot of time reading Drude and Grave. 28 Have started writing my paper; now am expecting the delivery of my lectures which have still not reached me. 1. ]. This game is prohibited within the prison walls, and the day before yesterday the drunk Deputy Warden took the chessboard away from us, so we made another one to replace it. We usually talk about politics and private circumstances. So, I repeat, I am not bored at all. I am saved from ill temper by optimism and a philosophical spirit, of which I've already written.

In general, the centre must pay attention to the Crimea if it intends to convert it into a national health resort in the near future. The food crisis in the Crimea is rapidly becoming more and more acute, especially on the south shore, where the Soviet civil servants are given all of 1/4 pound of bread a day, and where the means for feeding the rest of the society are practically not organized at all. The south shore is being relieved of the public that has arrived there. These people, for the most part, are on their way to relocating north.

Loffe's deputy in SPTRI, were among the SPTRI researchers (about 50 people all in all). There were also several theoreticians, such as Victor Robertovich Bursian (Scientific Secretary to the Institute), Yuri Alexandrovich Krutkov, and the first person to graduate from the Physical and Mechanical Department of the Polytechnic Institute, Georgy Abramovich Grinberg. 1. S. Sominsky. Op. , p. 253.

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