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Additional info for Eurotyp: Typology of Languages in Europe, Volume 4: Word Prosodic Systems in the Languages of Europe

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8) Ne sispomnih da bjah otišla. ' To summarize the basic facts as presented so far, what we are looking at is a construction that is functionally similar to familiar infinitives, but contains a verb marked marginally for tense-aspect and very clearly and meaning­ fully for person-number agreement. The obvious question then is what kind of subject this construction can have: will it follow pattern (3a), as Government-Binding theory predicts, or (3b)? In all of the examples given so far, the embedded clause has no sub­ ject; that is, in GB terms its subject is an empty NP; PRO or pro.

The coreference possibilities of a pronoun subject and the possibil­ ity of an anaphor as opposed to a pronoun subject will universally depend on the presence of verbal agreement in the clause; this is because the effect of the Binding Principles A and  is determined by the size of the Governing Category, which in turn is determined by the presence or absence of AGR, as shown in (4). ii. Since the case of a pronominal is determined by its governor, the subjects of finite and infinitive clauses will differ in case: a subject governed by AGR (in a structure like (4b)) will be nominative (or whatever case main-clause subjects take), while in a structure like (4a) the embedded clause subject will have the appropriate case for an object of the matrix verb.

Givón, T. 1984. Syntax. A Functional-typological Introduction. Volume 1. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Greenberg, Joseph. 1963. ), 58-90. : MIT Press. Greenberg, Joseph, C. Osgood, and J. Jenkins. 1963. " In Universals of Language, 255-264. ), Cambridge: MIT Press. Hawkins, John A. 1983. Word Order Universals. New York: Academic Press. Maddieson, Ian. 1984. Patterns of Sounds. Cambridge: Cambridge Univer­ sity Press. Troike, Rudolph. 1981. " Lan­ guage 57(3):658-673.

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