Download Teaching and Learning Geometry; Issues and Methods in by Doug French PDF

By Doug French

This interesting name studies the educating and studying of college geometry from the point of view of either the hot instructor and the more matured instructor. it's designed to increase and deepen topic wisdom and to supply useful suggestion and concepts for the study room within the context of present perform and learn. specific emphasis is given to the next components: realizing the main rules of the geometry curriculum. studying geometry successfully: classes from study and present perform. Misconceptions and blunders. Geometry reasoning: challenge fixing and proving. The function of know-how in studying geometry.

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Extra info for Teaching and Learning Geometry; Issues and Methods in Mathematical Education

Example text

Hence it follows, in particular, that the first derivative x'(t) also has limits to the left and right at these points. For the function x'(t) these limits must be non-zero. [a, b] -+ M a Let M be a differentiable two-dimensional manifold, and parametrized curve in M. We assume that there is an admissible chart qJ: U -+ ~2 such that W) E U for all t E [a, b]. We shall say that is a smooth (piecewise smooth) path of class C if the path x(t) = qJ [e(t)], a ~ t ~ b, on the plane ~2 is smooth (piecewise smooth) of class C.

Let A be the closed set in M consisting of all points of M that correspond to points lying on these curves along which the pasting is carried out. Cutting the space (M, p) along the given set A, we obtain the original collection of two-dimensional manifolds. 4. A Side of a Simple Arc in a Two-Dimensional Manifold. Let M be an arbitrary two-dimensional manifold with boundary, and L a simple arc in M. We introduce here some concepts that enable us to give an exact meaning to words "on a given side of L" or "on the same side of L" (see p.

M, such that each of them is homeomorphic to a half-disc and for the point Xi the boundary of the neighbourhood Vi is divided into two arcs Li and L;. The numbering of the points that constitute p-l(X) and the neighbourhoods Vi can be chosen so that under the pasting by means of which D is obtained from LJ the neighbourhoods Vl and V 2 are pasted to each other along the arcs L~ and L 2 , V 2 and V3 along the arcs L~ and L 3 , and so on, ending with Vm- l and Vm along the arcs L~-l and Lm. Then two cases are possible.

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